生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 347-352.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2018239

• 保护论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态保护红线修复机制法治化: 定位、困境及其出路

莫张勤()   

  1. 浙江大学光华法学院, 杭州 310000
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-06 接受日期:2018-11-28 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-02-01
  • 通讯作者: 莫张勤
  • 基金资助:
    重庆市社会科学规划项目(2018BS120);国家社科基金青年项目(18CFX002)

Re-legalizing China’s ecological conservation redline: The position, dilemma and path

Mo Zhangqin()   

  1. Guanghua Law School, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310000
  • Received:2018-09-06 Accepted:2018-11-28 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-02-01
  • Contact: Mo Zhangqin

摘要:

生态保护红线以生态系统的完整性、生态系统服务功能的一致性与生态空间的连续性为核心, 致力于保护国家的生态安全。生态保护红线修复分区分类展开, 以修复受损生态系统为目标, 具有自然修复和社会修复双重内涵。生态保护红线存在脆弱性、敏感性、复杂性与极易破坏性等特征, 它在建立修复机制法治化过程中遇到空间不可置换、治理费用高昂和治理主体责任错乱等困境。生态保护红线修复机制应建立“明确预防为主原则为指导、成立修复专项资金为手段、确定修复主体顺位为责任保障”的法治化的基本路径, 以实现重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程, 构建生态廊道和生物多样性保护网络。

关键词: 生态修复, 生态保护红线, 生态安全, 预防为主原则

Abstract

The ecological conservation redline centers on protecting the integrity and continuity of the ecosystem and the consistency of ecosystem service functions. Overall, the policy is committed to protecting the country’s ecological security. Re-instating the ecological conservation redline should assist in targeting the restoration of damaged ecosystem, in the context of both natural and social restoration. The ecological conservation redline has characteristics of the vulnerability, sensitivity, complexity and extreme destructibility of ecosystems. It has problems such as the irreplaceable space, high governance costs, and chaotic governance responsibility on the path of establishing legalization of repairing mechanism. According to the base rule of legalization, a core system should be established through clarifying the principle of prevention as the main guide, establishing special funds for repair, and determining the responsibility of repairing the subject as the responsibility guarantee, to achieve the environmental goal of protecting and restoring key ecosystem and developing ecological corridors and biodiversity protection networks.

Key words: ecological restoration, ecological conservation redline, ecological security, precautionary principle