生物多样性 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 677-681.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14164

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《名古屋议定书》政府间委员会谈判进展回顾

臧春鑫1, 蔡蕾2, 关潇1, 徐靖1, 李俊生1,*()   

  1. 1 中国环境科学研究院环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012
    2 环境保护部自然生态保护司, 北京 100035
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-02 接受日期:2014-09-27 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-10-09
  • 通讯作者: 李俊生
  • 基金资助:
    环境保护部生物多样性保护专项

Review the progress of negotiations of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing

Chunxin Zang1, Lei Cai2, Xiao Guan1, Jing Xu1, Junsheng Li1,*()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    2 Department of Nature and Ecology Conservation, Ministry of Environmental Protection of China, Beijing 100035
  • Received:2014-09-02 Accepted:2014-09-27 Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-10-09
  • Contact: Li Junsheng

摘要:

2010年10月《生物多样性公约》缔约方大会第十次会议通过的《生物多样性公约关于获取遗传资源和公正和公平分享其利用所产生惠益的名古屋议定书》(简称《名古屋议定书》) , 是实现《生物多样性公约》确保公平公正地分享因利用遗传资源而产生惠益目标的里程碑式文件, 该议定书将会在2014年10月12日正式生效。本文回顾了《名古屋议定书》政府间委员会上对遵约机制、全球多边惠益分享机制、信息交换所、能力建设和意识提高等议题的谈判过程, 并对下一步相关工作的开展提出了建议。

关键词: 生物多样性公约, 名古屋议定书, 获取与惠益分享

Abstract:

Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Sharing from Their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted by the 10th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity is a milestone document. The Nagoya Protocol enters into force on 12 October 2014. This paper reviews the negotiations of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on the compliance mechanism, global multilateral benefit-sharing mechanism, the access and benefits sharing clearing-house and information-sharing, awareness-raising and capacity of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit-sharing and gives suggestions for related work in next steps.

Key words: Convention on Biological Diversity, Nagoya Protocol, access and benefit-sharing