生物多样性 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (12): 1718-1726.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2021379

• 保护与治理对策 • 上一篇    

《生物多样性公约》研究知识图谱: 基于CiteSpace的文献计量分析

方睿霞1,2, 王修齐1,2, 白春1,2, 岩温罕1,2, 杨青松1,2, 李文义1,2, 高路1,2,*()   

  1. 1.云南民族大学民族医药学院, 昆明 650500
    2.云南民族大学民族药资源化学国家民委教育部共建重点实验室, 昆明 650500
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-18 接受日期:2021-10-07 出版日期:2021-12-20 发布日期:2021-12-16
  • 通讯作者: 高路
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: gl990@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金(20BMZ152)

Knowledge mapping of the research on the Convention on Biological Diversity: Based on bibliometrics analysis of CiteSpace

Ruixia Fang1,2, Xiuqi Wang1,2, Chun Bai1,2, Wenhan Yan1,2, Qingsong Yang1,2, Wenyi Li1,2, Lu Gao1,2,*()   

  1. 1 School of Ethnic Medicine, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming 650500
    2 Key Laboratory of Chemistry in Ethnic Medicine Resources, State Ethnic Affairs Commission & Ministry of Education, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming 650500
  • Received:2021-09-18 Accepted:2021-10-07 Online:2021-12-20 Published:2021-12-16
  • Contact: Lu Gao

摘要:

《生物多样性公约》(简称《公约》)作为保护地球生物资源的国际性公约, 与生态文明建设、构建人类命运共同体息息相关。对《公约》进行不同角度的研究, 分析当前生物多样性保护进展中的热点与趋势能为科学制定“2020年后框架”提供参考, 也能为推动生态文明建设提供智力支持。本文以CNKI中的论文为研究对象, 通过CiteSpace软件构建知识图谱, 对《公约》研究的发文量、研究机构、作者、研究热点等进行分析, 探讨中国当前对《公约》领域的研究进展。结果显示: (1)自1992年来, 对《公约》研究的发文呈波浪形上升趋势; (2)对《公约》进行研究的学者及机构众多; (3)关键词词频分析显示生物多样性公约、生物多样性、遗传资源、惠益分享是学者关注的热点, 同时生物多样性公约、生物多样性、知识产权、全球生物多样性、事先知情同意、海洋命运共同体形成聚类知识图谱; (4)知识图谱显示研究始终围绕保护生物多样性、持续利用、遗传资源的获取与惠益分享等《公约》三大目标展开, 同时关键词突现分析显示当前热点已扩展到海洋、公海生物多样性保护等国际热点议题; (5)随着COP 15的召开, 《公约》研究将面临新的机遇, 三大目标的平衡推进是履约的重要议题, 跨机构合作和多学科深度融合是拓宽研究的主要途径。

关键词: 生物多样性公约, 文献计量学, 知识图谱, CiteSpace

Abstract

Aims: Convention on Biological Diversity, as an international convention for the protection of biological resources on the earth, is closely related to the construction of ecological civilization and the establishment of a community with a shared future for mankind. Researches on the Convention from different perspectives and analysis of current hot spots and trend related to the biological diversity protection will provide references for the formulation of Framework after 2020 as well as intellectual support for the construction of ecological civilization.
Methods: In this paper, we selected academic periodical literature in CNKI as its research subject, and the CiteSpace software was applied to construct the knowledge mapping so as to further analyze the specific number of published papers, research institutions, authors and research hot spot, and we also explored the current research progress in term of the Convention in China.
Results: (1) Since 1992, published papers on the Convention has risen in waves; (2) Many scholars and institutions have studied on the Convention; (3) According to the analysis on key word frequency, most scholars overwhelmingly focus on the Convention on Biological Diversity, biological diversity, genetic resources and access and benefit sharing. At the same time, the Convention on Biological Diversity, biological diversity, intellectual property, global biodiversity, prior informed consent and maritime community with a shared future form a clustering knowledge mapping.
Conclusion: (1) The knowledge mapping reveals that researches always center on three major objectives of the Convention: Biological Diversity Protection, Continuous Utilization, and Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources. Meanwhile, keywords analysis shows that current hop spots have extended to various international hot-spot topics including the maritime and high-seas biological diversity protection. (2) With the convening of COP 15, researches on the Convention will be posed with new opportunities and the balanced promotion of three major objectives will play a significant role in executing the Convention, and cross-institution cooperation and in-depth interdisciplinary integration will be the main approaches in the future.

Key words: Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD), bibliometrics, knowledge map, CiteSpace