生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1059-1066.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020139

• 中国野生动物红外相机监测网络专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北虎豹生物多样性红外相机监测平台概述

王天明1,2,3#, 冯利民1,2,3#, 杨海涛1,2,3, 鲍蕾1,2,3, 王红芳1,2,3, 葛剑平1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1 生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室, 北京 100875
    2 东北虎豹国家公园保护生态学国家林草局重点实验室, 北京 100875
    3 北京师范大学生命科学学院, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-06 接受日期:2020-07-01 出版日期:2020-09-20 发布日期:2020-11-06
  • 通讯作者: 葛剑平
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: gejp@bnu.edu.cn
    第一联系人: Co-first author
  • 基金资助:
    科技基础性工作专项(2012FY112000);国家自然科学基金(31210103911);国家自然科学基金(31270567);国家自然科学基金(31470566);国家自然科学基金(31971539);国家自然科学基金(31200410)

An introduction to Long-term Tiger-Leopard Observation Network based on camera traps in Northeast China

Tianming Wang1,2,3#, Limin Feng1,2,3#, Haitao Yang1,2,3, Lei Bao1,2,3, Hongfang Wang1,2,3, Jianping Ge1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Engineering, Beijing 100875
    2 National Forestry and Grassland Administration Key Laboratory for Conservation Ecology in the Northeast Tiger and Leopard National Park, Beijing 100875
    3 College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
  • Received:2020-04-06 Accepted:2020-07-01 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-11-06
  • Contact: Jianping Ge

摘要:

东北虎豹生物多样性红外相机监测平台始建于2006年, 位于中国东北温带针阔混交林区, 覆盖老爷岭、张广才岭和完达山, 面积达1.5万多平方公里。平台的监测目标是从生态系统水平上对东北虎(Panthera tigris altaica)、东北豹(P. pardus orientalis)、有蹄类猎物及同域分布的其他哺乳动物、森林栖息生境、环境要素和人类活动等进行全面系统的调查和观测。截至2019年6月, 平台产生视频记录超过78.5万条, 有效相机工作日173.6万多天, 记录了28种野生兽类和32种野生鸟类。另外, 利用红外相机平台已经在野生动物多样性本底调查、虎豹种群分布、数量与扩散限制、同域食肉动物种间关系、动物生境利用等方面取得一些成果, 同时为东北虎豹国家公园生物多样性监测、评估和管理提供了科技支撑。

关键词: 东北虎, 东北豹, 物种名录, 红外相机, 生物多样性监测

Abstract:

The Long-term Tiger-Leopard Observation Network (TLON) is a camera trap based program that was established in 2006 by Beijing Normal University. TLON covers an area of more than 15,000 km 2 and is located in the temperate broadleaf and mixed forest in Northeast China. This area covers the Laoye Mountains, Zhangguangcai Mountains, and Wanda Mountains. The goals of TLON are to monitor the status of the Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis), ungulate prey, and other sympatric mammal species. Additionally, a goal for TLON is to study animal’s response to different environmental factors and human activity. As of June 2019, TLON has more than 785,000 video recordings that include recordings for 28 wild mammal species and 32 wild birds species that span 1,736,000 days of camera trapping. TLON has helped advance several fields of scientific research which include: surveying of wildlife diversity, studying population status of animals, understanding the distribution and threats for tigers and leopards, interactions between sympatric carnivore species, and mammal habitat use. TLON has also helped with monitoring, evaluation, and the management of biodiversity in the Northeast Tiger and Leopard National Park.

Key words: Amur tiger, Panthera tigris altaica, Amur leopard, Panthera pardus orientalis, species list, camera trapping, biodiversity monitoring