生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (11): 1260-1267.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019056

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    

黄土高原石松类和蕨类植物的多样性与地理分布

杜维波1,卢元2,3,*()   

  1. 1 兰州大学生命科学学院, 草地农业生态系统国家重点实验室, 兰州 730000
    2 陕西省西安植物园, 陕西省植物研究所, 西安 710061
    2 陕西省植物资源保护与利用工程技术研究中, 西安 710061
  • 收稿日期:2019-02-27 接受日期:2019-05-27 出版日期:2019-11-20 发布日期:2020-01-17
  • 通讯作者: 卢元
  • 基金资助:
    陕西省科学院科技计划项目(2016k-23);陕西省科学院科技计划项目(2019k-08)

Diversity and distribution of lycophytes and ferns in the Loess Plateau

Weibo Du1,Yuan Lu2,3,*()   

  1. 1 School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystems, Lanzhou 730000 2 Xi'an Botanical Garden of Shaanxi Province, Shaanxi Botanical Institute, Xi'an 710061
    2 Xi'an Botanical Garden of Shaanxi Province, Shaanxi Botanical Institute, Xi'an 710061
    3 Shaanxi Engineering Research Centre for Conservation and Utilization of Botanical Resources, Xi’an 710061;
  • Received:2019-02-27 Accepted:2019-05-27 Online:2019-11-20 Published:2020-01-17
  • Contact: Lu Yuan

摘要:

物种编目是了解生物多样性的基础。本文收集已出版的专著和文献, 查阅标本馆的馆藏标本信息, 在此基础上, 对黄土高原的石松类和蕨类植物的多样性和地理分布数据进行统计和分析。科属排列采用Flora of China的分类系统, 科属界定依据分子系统学的最新研究成果。结果表明, 黄土高原共有石松类和蕨类植物18科42属165种2亚种5变种, 其中中国特有种35种, 占总种数的20.35%。种类数量最多的5个科依次为凤尾蕨科(29种, 含种下单位, 下同)、鳞毛蕨科(28种)、水龙骨科(19种)、蹄盖蕨科(16种)和铁角蕨科(16种); 种类数量最多的6个属依次为铁角蕨属(Asplenium, 16种)、鳞毛蕨属(Dryopteris, 15种)、耳蕨属(Polystichum, 12种)、岩蕨属(Woodsia, 11种)、卷柏属(Selaginella, 10种)和瓦韦属(Lepisorus, 10种)。黄土高原的石松类和蕨类植物中, 无珍稀濒危保护植物, 无中国特有属。依据生态类型可划分为4类, 即土生植物(112种)、石生植物(75种)、附生植物(18种)、水生植物(3种), 该区域石松类和蕨类植物土生或石生的种类占总种数的89.53%。在地理分布上, 黄土高原石松类和蕨类处于我国现生类群分布的边缘区域, 这与我国的石松类和蕨类分布规律基本一致。

关键词: 黄土高原, 生物多样性, 石松类植物, 蕨类植物, 植物地理分布, 生物编目

Abstract

Species cataloguing is the basis for understanding their biodiversity. In the study, the diversity and geographical distribution of lycophytes and ferns in the Loess Plateau have been analyzed by utilizing published monographs, the current literature, and Herbaria specimens’ information. Following the order system from Flora of China, families and genera are classified relying on the latest research update on molecular taxonomy in this paper. Data analysis shows that the Loess Plateau is diverse with 165 species, 2 subspecies, 5 varieties, 42 genera and 18 families of lycophytes and ferns, which including 35 species endemic to China (20.35% of total species). The top five families are Pteridaceae (29 species, including subspecies and varieties), Dryopteridaceae (28 species), Polypodiaceae (19 species), Athyriaceae (16 species), and Aspleniaceae (16 species). The top six genera are Asplenium (16 species), Dryopteris (15 species), Polystichum (12 species), Woodsia (11 species), Selaginella (10 species), and Lepisorus (10 species). No rare and endangered plants, or endemic genera to China are contained. According to the ecological type, lycophytes and ferns are divided into 4 categories in the Loess Plateau, including terrestrial (112 species), lithophytes (75 species), epiphytes (18 species), and hydrophytes (3 species). The species of terrestrial or lithophytes are rich to 89.53% of the total species in this area. While the lycophytes and ferns of the Loess Plateau are located at the current geographical distribution edge, the distributions found in this study are consistent with our current understanding of lycophytes and ferns in China.

Key words: Loess Plateau, biodiversity, lycophytes, ferns, epiontology, biological catalogue