生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 225-231.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2015052

所属专题: 中国生物物种编目进展

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中国被子植物科属概览: 依据APG III系统

刘冰1, 叶建飞1,2, 刘夙3, 汪远3, 杨永1,*(), 赖阳均4, 曾刚1, 林秦文2   

  1. 1 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
    2 中国科学院植物研究所北京植物园, 北京 100093
    3 上海辰山植物园, 上海 201602
    4 中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所, 南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-06 接受日期:2015-03-24 出版日期:2015-03-20 发布日期:2015-04-09
  • 通讯作者: 杨永
  • 基金资助:
    科技部标本资源共享平台项目和国家自然科学基金(J1310002, 31270238, 31470301)

Families and genera of Chinese angiosperms: a synoptic classification based on APG III

Bing Liu1, Jianfei Ye1,2, Su Liu3, Yuan Wang3, Yong Yang1,*(), Yangjun Lai4, Gang Zeng1, Qinwen Lin2   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    2 Beijing Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    3 Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai 201602
    4 Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
  • Received:2015-03-06 Accepted:2015-03-24 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-04-09
  • Contact: Yang Yong

摘要:

被子植物是现存高等植物最为繁盛的类群, 约30万种, 是陆地植被的主要组成成分。搞清科、属和种的数量和范畴对认识全球和区域生物多样性有重要价值。分子系统学的快速发展, 使很多被子植物的科和属的范畴发生了变化。本文结合APG III系统和一些新的系统发育研究动态, 对中国原产和引入的被子植物科属名单进行了整理, 确认被子植物在中国原产258科, 引入55科(其中6科归化), 中国原产2,872属, 引入1,605属(含归化152属), 并简要介绍了中国被子植物科属范畴的历史沿革和新变化。新的名录与《中国植物志》相比, 新增115科1,729属, 与Flora of China相比, 新增85科1,531属。

关键词: APG III系统, 中国, 分类系统, 科, 属, 被子植物, 原产, 引入, 归化

Abstract

Angiosperms constitute the most diverse lineage of higher plants and are represented by ca. 300,000 living species that dominate the vegetation of terrestrial ecosystems. Number and composition of families, genera, and species are important to understanding global and regional biodiversity. Due to the rapid development of molecular systematics, circumscriptions of many traditional angiosperm families and genera have been revised. This study investigates circumscriptions of families and genera of native and introduced angiosperms in China according to the APG III classification system and recent phylogenetic studies. Results showed that there are 258 native and 55 introduced families (including 6 naturalized families), and 2,872 native and 1,605 introduced genera (including 152 naturalized genera) in China. A brief introduction to the historical and recent changes of circumscriptions of families and genera occurring in China was also provided. Our list included 115 newly recorded families and 1,729 newly recorded genera when compared to Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae, and 85 newly recorded families and 1,531newly recorded genera when compared to Flora of China.

Key words: APG III, China, classification, family, genus, angiosperms, native, introduced, naturalized