Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 708-715.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019073

• Special Feature: Traditional Knowledge Associated with Biodiversity • Previous Article     Next Article

China’s strategy for incorporating traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity into international multi-lateral agreements

Zhang Yuanyuan()   

  1. State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Regional Eco-process and Function Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
  • Received:2019-03-13 Accepted:2019-05-06 Online:2019-08-20
  • Zhang Yuanyuan

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its Nagoya Protocol (NP) on Access and Benefit Sharing, the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the World Trade Organization’s Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (WTO/TRIPS), and the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) all incorporate biodiversity-related traditional knowledge to some extent. However, the definitions and implications are not unified and their focuses are different. China is a multi-ethnic country blessed with mega-biodiversity. Throughout history, Chinese people have developed systems of traditional knowledge, innovations and practices that are relevant to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. As a party to multiple international agreements concerning associated traditional knowledge, China is responsible to provide in-depth understanding and definitions of the relevant agreements for traditional knowledge. The country’s international obligations under these agreements are to promote synergies on traditional knowledge and to deliver a unified voice in international negotiations, so as to better defend the interests of the country and the local communities. We explored a variety of definitions of biodiversity associated traditional knowledge within relevant multi-lateral agreements, organizations and international bodies. We then summarized the progress being made by the international system in this regard, and proposed five specific countermeasures for China to deal with the issue of biodiversity associated traditional knowledge in negotiating and implementing those agreements. This was done while taking into account the status and features of China’s associated traditional knowledge system, the existing policies and measures. These include: (1) Take legislative, administrative and policy action; (2) Strengthen relevant research in order to improve technical support; (3) Strengthen capacity building regarding protection of traditional knowledge; (4) Strengthen coordination with other international agreements concerning traditional knowledge during implementation; (5) Step up publicity efforts in international forums, to promote China’s traditional knowledge.

Key words: International multi-lateral agreements, biodiversity, genetic resources, traditional knowledge, China’s strategy

[1] Cheng G, Wang C, Xue DY ( 2012) Attitude to the traditional knowledge of international governmental organizations and suggested strategies of China. Biodiversity Science, 20, 505-511. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 成功, 王程, 薛达元 ( 2012) 国际政府间组织对传统知识议题的态度以及中国的对策建议. 生物多样性, 20, 505-511.]
[2] Fu WL, Dong M, Yang WH, Yang XY, Wang YJ, Cheng G ( 2018) Protection of Chinese traditional knowledge in the backdrop of the Nagoya Protocol: A case study on acid tea of the De’ang Minority. Biodiversity Science, 26, 645-650. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 傅玮琳, 董梅, 杨文华, 杨兴媛, 王玉珏, 成功 ( 2018) 《名古屋议定书》背景下我国传统知识的保护: 以德昂族酸茶为例. 生物多样性, 26, 645-650.]
[3] Jia RN, Yang JB, Xue DY ( 2017) Cultural landscape transformation of Oroqen and its influence on traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity. Journal of Minzu University of China (Natural Sciences Edition), 26(4), 71-77. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 贾若男, 杨京彪, 薛达元 ( 2017) 鄂伦春族文化景观变迁及其对生物多样性相关传统知识的影响. 中央民族大学学报(自然科学版), 26(4), 71-77.]
[4] Liu WP, Lei DP, You HY, Xie JT ( 2015) Investigation of traditional Chinese medicine knowledge in Foping, Shaanxi Pro-vince. Modern Chinese Medicine, 17(1), 24-27. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 刘为鹏, 雷大鹏, 尤海钰, 解建团 ( 2015) 陕西省佛坪县中药传统知识调查研究. 中国现代中药, 17(1), 24-27.]
[5] Shao H, Xue DY ( 2017) Influence of traditional Wa culture on vegetable germplasm diversity in Yunnan Province. Biodiversity Science, 25, 46-52. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 邵桦, 薛达元 ( 2017) 云南佤族传统文化对蔬菜种质多样性的影响. 生物多样性, 25, 46-52.]
[6] Wang C, Zhang LL, Wang YH ( 2015) Ethnobotanical survey on traditional knowledge of Hodgsonia macrocarpa, Xishuangbanna, SW China. Plant Diversity and Resources, 37, 209-213. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 王趁, 张玲玲, 王雨华 ( 2015) 油瓜的民族植物学研究. 植物分类与资源学报, 37, 209-213.]
[7] Wei GH, Li T ( 2015) On the protection principles of folk literature and art works. Intellectual, ( 3), 48-52. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 韦贵红, 李潭 ( 2015) 民间文学艺术作品的保护原则探析. 知识产权, ( 3), 48-52.]
[8] Xue DY, Guo L ( 2009) On concepts and protection of traditional knowledge. Biodiversity Science, 17, 135-142. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 薛达元, 郭泺 ( 2009) 论传统知识的概念与保护. 生物多样性, 17, 135-142.]
[9] Zhao FW, Wu JY, Xue DY ( 2013) Background, progress and prospect of traditional knowledge under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Biodiversity Science, 21, 232-237. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 赵富伟, 武建勇, 薛达元 ( 2013) 《生物多样性公约》传统知识议题的背景、进展与趋势. 生物多样性, 21, 232-237.]
[1] Lintao Huang Hui Huang Lei Jiang. (2020) A revised taxonomy for Chinese hermatypic corals . Biodiv Sci, 28(4): 515-523.
[2] Xiongwei Yang,Ankang Wu,Qixian Zou,Guangrong Li,Mingming Zhang,Canshi Hu,Haijun Su. (2020) Field monitoring of mammals and birds using infrared cameras in Mayanghe National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 219-225.
[3] Haiou Liu,Fengchun Zhang,Fuwei Zhao,Leshan Du,Dayuan Xue. (2020) Biodiversity sensitive issues from changes in the strategic objectives of the financial mechanism for the Convention on Biological Diversity . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 244-252.
[4] Yisheng Ma,Qingqing Ma,Nianjun He,Dapeng Zhu,Kaihui Zhao,Hongcai Liu,Shuai Li,Liang Sun,Liubin Tang. (2020) Camera-trapping survey of mammals and birds in the Foping National Nature Reserve, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 226-230.
[5] Kai Wang,Jinlong Ren,Hongman Chen,Zhitong Lyu,Xianguang Guo,Ke Jiang,Jinmin Chen,Jiatang Li,Peng Guo,Yingyong Wang,Jing Che. (2020) The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 189-218.
[6] Yi Li,Zhiyao Tang,Yujing Yan,Ke Wang,Lei Cai,Jinsheng He,Song Gu,Yijian Yao. (2020) Incorporating species distribution model into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 99-106.
[7] Wenying Zhuang,Yi Li,Huandi Zheng,Zhaoqing Zeng,Xincun Wang. (2020) Threat status of non-lichenized macro-ascomycetes in China and its threatening factors . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 26-40.
[8] WANG Yu-Bing,SUN Yi-Han,DING Wei,ZHANG En-Tao,LI Wen-Huai,CHI Yong-Gang,ZHENG Shu-Xia. (2020) Effects and pathways of long-term nitrogen addition on plant diversity and primary productivity in a typical steppe . Chin J Plant Ecol, 44(1): 22-32.
[9] Yongmin Li,Xiaobing Wu. (2019) A revised species list of amphibians and reptiles in the Anhui Province . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1002-1011.
[10] Shun Li,Liang Zou,Yinan Gong,Haitao Yang,Tianming Wang,Limin Feng,Jianping Ge. (2019) Advances in LiDAR technology in the field of animal ecology . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[11] Rui Yang,Qinyi Peng,Yue Cao,Le Zhong,Shuyu Hou,Zhicong Zhao,Cheng Huang. (2019) Transformative changes and paths toward biodiversity conservation in China . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[12] Junning Li, Tong Li, Yulian Wei. (2019) Relationship between diversity of wood-decaying fungi and their host wood in the Fenglin National Nature Reserve . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 880-886.
[13] Yang Yunhui, Bai Keyu, Jarvis Devra, Long Chunlin. (2019) Xishuangbanna cucumber landraces and associated traditional knowledge . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 743-748.
[14] Sun Beibei, Yu Cungen, Liu Hui, Yan Wenchao, Zhang Wenjun, Dai Dongxu. (2019) Spring and autumn shrimp and crab biodiversity in the east Nanji Islands . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 787-795.
[15] Ding Lubin, Ma Nan, Wang Guoping, He Siyuan, Min Qingwen. (2019) Visual analysis of hotspots and emerging trends in traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity . Biodiv Sci, 27(7): 716-727.
Full text