Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): 288-295.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.08258

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Plant species diversity and dynamics in forests invaded by Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) in Tianmu Mountain Nature Reserve

Shangbin Bai1, Guomo Zhou2, *, Yixiang Wang2, Qianqian Liang1, Juan Chen1, Yanyan Cheng1, Rui Shen1   

  1. 1 School of Forestry & Bio-technology, Zhejiang A & F University, Lin’an, Zhejiang 311300
    2 School of Environmental & Resource Sciences, Zhejiang A & F University, Lin’an, Zhejiang 311300
  • Received:2012-12-29 Accepted:2013-04-20 Online:2013-06-05
  • Zhou Guomo

Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) is an economically important plant, widely cultivated not only for its delicious shoots and versatile culms, but also as an important biomass resource in southern China. However, with its robust growth and strong rhizomes, it has recently been shown to be a problem tree, capable of dominating some forest stands. Indeed, it may displace species within the community it invades with considerable potential impacts. However, little is known about the consequences of its invasion on plant community composition. We compared plant biodiversity change in different communities where we monitored and removed bamboo over a seven years period (2005 to 2011) in Tianmu Mountain Nature Reserve, so as to elucidate the impacts of Moso bamboo invasion. The results showed that Moso bamboo invasion had negative effects on plant communities. Simpson’s Diversity Index in tree and shrub layers of bamboo forest was lower than that of forests consisting of needle and broad-leaved species, and also those containing a mixture of bamboo with needle and broad-leaved plants. However, Simpson’s Diversity Index in the herb layer of bamboo forest was higher than that in the two other forest types. Plant species richness, Simpson’s Diversity Index, and Pielou’s Eveness Index varied greatly among the different forest types over time. In the tree and shrub layers of forests containing bamboo growing with both needle and broad-leaved species, these three indices declined significantly over the monitoring period (P<0.05). In contrast, no significant changes of Simpson’s Diversity Index and Pielou’s Eveness Index were exhibited in either forests containing a mixture of needle and broad-leaved plants or in pure bamboo forest (P>0.05). Plant species richness increased in the herb layer of forests containing bamboo mixed with needle and broad-leaved species, while Simpson’s Diversity Index and Pielou’s Eveness Index did not change greatly over time. The removal of Moso bamboo resulted in an increase in plant species richness and Simpson’s Diversity Index in the tree and shrub layers. In contrast, plant species richness, Simpson’s Diversity Index, and Pielou’s Eveness Index decreased significantly in the herb layer. In summary, in the Tianmu Mountain Nature Reserve, Moso bamboo invasion was found to cause substantial changes in plant species diversity and had strong negative effects on plant communities. These results suggest that, in addition to scientific management, removal of Moso bamboo may be required to restore plant species diversity in these communities.

Key words: Phyllostachys edulis, biological invasions, plant diversity, dynamic changes, nature reserve

Fig. 1

Belt transition, sampling block and sampling plots in this study"

Table 1

Moso bamboo culm density in different forests during monitoring time (inds./ha)"

时间
Time
针阔混交林
Mixed conifer-broad-
leaved forest
毛竹-针阔混交林
Mixed bamboo and conifer-broad- leaved forest
毛竹林
Bamboo forest
竹针阔混交林去除毛竹
Removed bamboo from mixed bamboo and conifer-broad-leaved forest
2005 0 400.0±34.2 4,233.3±94.3 1,300.0±107.5
2006 0 558.3±47.6 4,200.0±117.6 0
2007 0 633.3±59.8 4,391.6±89.3 0
2008 0 866.7±76.8 3,983.3±101.0 0
2009 0 1,033.3±108.4 4,075.0±110.2 0
2010 41.7±3.5 1,516.7±137.1 4,300.0±104.3 0
2011 100.0±8.7 1,775.0±145.2 4,491.7±82.5 0

Fig. 2

Relative changes of species richness (Ln(2011/2005)) in the tree, shrub, and herb layers of different forests. Bars represent standard errors."

Fig. 3

Changes of Simpson’s Diversity Index in the tree, shrub, and herb layers of different forests over time. Bars labeled with different letters represent significantly different (P<0.05; LSD test). Bars represent standard errors."

Fig. 4

Changes of Pielou’s Eveness Index in the tree, shrub, and herb layers of different forests over time. Bars labeled with different letters represent significantly different (P<0.05; LSD test). Bars represent standard errors."

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