Biodiv Sci ›› 2024, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 23287.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2023287

• Conservation and Governance • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Problem review and optimization path of local legislation in nature reserves in China based on empirical analysis

Suo Di1, Yu Ruoxi1, Li Yuanhui1,2,*(), Xu Jiliang3,*()   

  1. 1 School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
    2 Center for Forestry and Grassland Law Research, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
    3 School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2023-08-08 Accepted:2023-12-22 Online:2024-02-20 Published:2024-01-11
  • Contact: E-mail:;


Background & Aim The construction of relevant laws and regulations in nature reserves plays an important role in combating various illegal and criminal activities that damage nature reserves, maintaining national ecological security, protecting biodiversity, preserving natural heritage and improving the quality of ecological environment. Local legislation is an important part of the legal system of nature reserves in China. There are lots of local legislations on nature reserves in China, but there is still a certain gap between them and the current requirements of ecological civilization construction and quality and efficiency improvement of nature reserve management. In order to enhance the implementation effect of local legislation on nature reserves in China and make it play an important role in protecting biodiversity, we studied the development dilemma and optimization path of local legislation on nature reserves.

Method Our study searched and summarized a total of 116 effective local legislations of nature reserves in China. We then analyzed the characteristics of local legislations of nature reserves in China from the aspects of spatial and temporal distribution, number of legislations and legislative models. Through literature and comparative research, we conducted in-depth analysis of the problems existing in local legislations of nature reserves.

Review Results We found that the local legislation of nature reserves mainly presents the characteristics of large legislative time span, rapid growth in the number of legislation in the new era, wide geographical distribution of legislation, and the combination of comprehensiveness and specialization in the legislative model. At present, the local legislation of nature reserves is facing many problems, such as outdated legislation, conflicting legislation, repeated legislation and so on.

Conclusion In order to adapt to China’s reform goal of “establishing a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body”, we can try to work hard from the two dimensions of legislative clean-up and legislative characteristics in the future, speed up the process of local legislative clean-up, and highlight local legislative characteristics, so as to improve the quality and effectiveness of local legislation in China’s nature reserves.

Key words: nature reserve, local legislation, legislative cleanup, legislative features