Biodiv Sci ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 778-786.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019132

• Original Papers • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Species diversity and global distribution of Limacodidae (Lepidoptera) using online databases

Jiao Meng1,Li Jing1,*(),Zhao Huifeng1,Wu Chunsheng2,Zhang Aibing1,*()   

  1. 1 College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048
    2 Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2019-04-16 Accepted:2019-06-11 Online:2019-07-20 Published:2019-08-21
  • Contact: Li Jing,Zhang Aibing

Abstract:

Limacodidae (Lepidoptera) is a globally distributed insect and is classified as a pest destroying economic and roadway trees. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the species diversity and global distribution of Limacodidae and to explore the reasons for uneven distribution patterns, which could provide a scientific basis for biodiversity conservation and pest control. Detailed information was downloaded and analyzed from the Barcode of Life Data System V4 (BOLD V4) and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), as well as other local databases of Lepidoptera and related research. A total of 61,947 global distributional records of Limacodidae with explicit coordinates were gathered, including 187 genera and 637 species. At the biogeographic realm scale, 72 genera were recorded in Indomalayan realm, 31 in the Palearctic realm, 27 in the Australasian realm, 27 in the Neotropical realm, 22 in the Afrotropical realm, and 19 in the Nearctic realm. At the national scale, China has the highest species richness (123 species), followed by Vietnam (116 species), Costa Rica (75 species), and then Australia (69 species). The higher species diversity and richness of the Limacodidae in mid-low latitudinal regions may be related to stable climatic history and a vast number of host plants in these regions.

Key words: Limacodidae, species diversity, zoogeographic realms, global distribution