Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 210-216.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017311

• Orginal Article • Previous Article    

An observation to the new initiative of community conservation guard posts in the pilot Three-River-Source National Park

Xiang Zhao1, Ziyun Zhu1, 2, Zhi Lu1, 2, *, Lingyun Xiao1, 2, Sonamtso Mei1, Hao Wang2   

  1. 1 Shanshui Conservation Center, Beijing 100871
    2 Center for Nature and Society, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2017-11-20 Accepted:2018-02-20 Online:2018-05-05
  • Lu Zhi
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Community-based conservation has been proven as an effective approach for biodiversity conservation, and is an important part for National Parks in China. As the first pilot of the new national park system in China, the Three-River-Source National Park initiated a new arrangement to employ 16,621 villagers from each household living in the national park to serve as conservation guards. Local Tibetan herders take the main responsibility of Sanjiangyuan conservation and in return receive payments from the national park. Such an arrangement coincides with local people’s willingness of participating in conservation, influenced by traditional Tibetan Buddhist culture. However, in addition to conservation, poverty alleviation is set as a priority target especially when guards were selected, which to certain extent compromised the effectiveness of conservation. While understanding the needs of poverty alleviation, we analyzed institutional rationales of such a selection, and made policy suggestions that conservation targets should become the first priority and more resources and space should be allocated to local governments and communities for self-governance on conservation decisions and actions. NGOs may also contribute to assist these practices.

Key words: Three-River-Source region, national park, community-based conservation, community conservation guard posts

Fig. 1

The most necessary supports for community-based conservation in the Three-River-Source region, answered by local herders (N = 90)"

Table 1

immigration from rangeland to towns in some village in the Three-River-Source National Park"

乡镇
Township

Villages
总户数
Number
of households
总人口
Population
留居户数
Households
living in rangeland
留居人口
Population
living in rangeland
搬迁率
Ratio of
immigration to towns
治多县索加乡
(长江源园区)
Suojia Township
君曲村 Junqu 362 1,206 183 688 49%
牙曲村 Yaqu 579 1,902 440 1,433 24%
莫曲村 Moqu 303 1,327 119 357 61%
当曲村 Dangqu 306 1,422 276 750 10%
曲麻莱县曲麻河乡
(长江源园区)
Qumar River
勒池村 Lechi 284 1,112 250 989 12%
多秀村 Duoxiu 374 1,160 307 911 18%
措池村 Cuochi 461 1,588 227 782 51%
昂拉村 Angla 381 1,301 326 1,147 14%
杂多县扎青乡
(澜沧江源园区)
Zhaqing Township
地青村 Diqing 544 2,043 326 1,142 40%
格赛村 Gesai 416 1,653 146 711 65%
昂闹村 Angnao 358 1,308 161 564 55%
达清村 Daqing 408 1,447 59 205 86%
总计 Total 4,776 17,469 2,820 9,679 40%
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