Biodiversity Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 619-629.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015110

Special Issue: Forest Dynamics Monitoring

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Community structure and species composition of the secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest: the analyses for a 9 ha forest dynamics plot in Wuyanling Nature Reserve, Zhejiang Province, East China

Lei Zhong1, 5, Chia-Hao Chang-Yang2, Pin Lu1, 5, Xueping Gu3, Zupei Lei4, Yanben Cai3, Fangdong Zheng4, I-Fang Sun2, Mingjian Yu1, *()   

  1. 1 College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058
    2 Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, Dong Hwa University, Hualein, Taiwan 97401
    3 Wenzhou Institute of Industry & Science, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325028
    4 Zhejiang Wuyanling National Nature Reserve Management Bureau, Taishun, Zhejiang 325500
    5 College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004
  • Received:2015-03-03 Accepted:2015-07-13 Online:2015-10-12
  • Yu Mingjian

The zonal vegetation type of subtropical China is evergreen broad-leaved forest (EBLF). However, due to long term anthropogenic disturbance, primary EBLF is now scarce in this region; most of the EBLFs exist as secondary forests. Therefore, to preserve the regional forest biodiversity, it is important to understand the mechanisms underlying biodiversity maintenance of the regional secondary EBLF. One method for examining the mechanisms of forest biodiversity maintenance is to investigate the species composition and community structure on the basis of a large forest dynamics plot (FDP). According to protocols of Center for Tropical Forest Science (CTFS), we established a 9 ha FDP in the secondary EBLF of Wuyanling National Nature Reserve in Zhejiang Province, China, during 2011-2012. Here, we carried out analysis on species composition (e.g., importance value), community structure (e.g., floristic composition, size-class structure), and spatial distribution of woody plants with diameter at breast height (DBH) ≥1 cm. Results indicated that there were 71,396 woody plant individuals belonging to 200 species, 92 genera and 47 families within the FDP. The dominant families were Fagaceae, Lauraceae, Theaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Ericaceae and Symplocaceae. There were slightly more tropical elements than temperate elements found both at family and genus level. DBH size-classed community structure was reverse ‘J’ shaped, indicating abundant regeneration. Dominant species showed various shapes, such as reverse ‘J’, skewed or waved shapes, but no signs of population decline. Dominant species showed habitat priority and aggregated distribution patterns possibly related to habitat conditions, suggesting that habitat heterogeneity might be responsible to the spatial distribution of the dominant species in this FDP.

Key words: secondary evergreen broad-leaved forest, forest dynamics plot, species-area relationship, floristic composition, DBH size structure, spatial distribution

Fig. 1

The location and contour map of the 9 ha Wuyanling forest dynamics plot"

Fig. 2

Top eight families with the highest abundance and basal area at breast height in the 9 ha Wuyanling forest dynamics plot"

Fig. 3

Species-area relationship diagram in the 9 ha Wuyan- ling forest dynamics plot"

Table 1

Top 15 species based on importance value in the 9 ha Wuyanling forest dynamics plot"

Growth form
Importance value
Basal area at breast height (cm2)
甜槠 Castanopsis eyrei 乔木 Tree 6.910 1,960 648,308.8
褐叶青冈 Cyclobalanopsis stewardiana 乔木 Tree 5.466 2,544 440,337.7
麂角杜鹃 Rhododendron latoucheae 灌木或小乔木 Shrub or small tree 5.079 7,066 133,615.2
木荷 Schima superba 乔木 Tree 4.873 1,789 411,009.1
窄基红褐柃 Eurya rubiginosa var. attenuata 灌木 Shrub 3.930 6,565 26,387.3
浙江新木姜子 Neolitsea aurata var. chekiangensis 小乔木 Small tree 3.109 3,612 92,752.7
马银花 Rhododendron ovatum 灌木 Shrub 2.999 4,004 55,047.9
尖连蕊茶 Camellia cuspidata 灌木 Shrub 2.878 4,223 33,259.9
短尾柯 Lithocarpus brevicaudatus 乔木 Tree 2.686 801 208,432.9
红楠 Machilus thunbergii 乔木 Tree 2.659 1,804 137,991.1
满山红 Rhododendron mariesii 灌木 Shrub 2.193 2,638 55,082.7
格药柃 Eurya muricata 灌木或小乔木 Shrub or small tree 1.808 2,539 13,233.0
凤凰润楠 Machilus phoenicis 小乔木 Small tree 1.760 2,451 10,187.8
拟赤杨 Alniphyllum fortunei 乔木 Tree 1.684 379 129,417.3
雷公鹅耳枥 Carpinus viminea 乔木 Tree 1.630 761 95,254.4

Table 2

The areal-types of woody plants in the 9 ha Wuyanling forest dynamics plot"

Areal type
No. of
Proportion of
families (%)
No. of
Proportion of genera (%)
1. 广布 Widespread 9 - 0 -
2. 泛热带 Pantropic 14 35.9 17 18.5
3. 东亚及热带南美间断 Tropical Asia and South Tropical America disjuncted 6 15.4 7 7.6
4. 旧世界热带 Old World Tropic 1 2.6 4 4.3
5. 热带亚洲至热带大洋洲 Tropical Asia to Tropical Australasia Oceania 1 2.6 2 2.2
6. 热带亚洲至热带非洲 Tropical Asia to Tropical Africa 0 0.0 2 2.2
7. 热带亚洲 Tropical Asia 1 2.6 12 13.0
热带合计 Total of Tropics (2-7) 23 59.0 44 47.8
8. 北温带 North Temperate 12 30.8 17 18.5
9. 东亚及北美间断East Asia and North America disjuncted 3 7.7 16 17.4
12. 地中海区、西亚至中亚 Mediterranean, West Asia to Central Asia 0 0.0 1 1.1
14. 东亚 East Asia 1 2.6 9 9.8
温带合计 Total of Temperate (8, 9, 12, 14) 16 41.0 43 46.7
15. 中国特有 Endemic to China 0 0.0 5 5.4

Fig. 4

Size-class of diameter at breast height (DBH) ≥ 1 cm of woody plants in the 9 ha Wuyanling forest dynamics plot"

Fig. 5

Size-class of diameter at breast height (DBH) distributions of nine dominant species in the 9 ha Wuyanling forest dynamics plot"

Fig. 6

Spatial distribution pattern under complete spatial randomness (CSR) null model of nine dominant species in the 9 ha Wuyanling forest dynamics plot"

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