Biodiversity Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 527-535.doi: 10.17520/biods.2014152

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Indicators and implementing methods of wetland biodiversity monitoring: taking Great Lakes coastal wetlands as an example

Yanping Wu, Wenjing Yang*()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Wetland and Watershed Research, Ministry of Education, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022
  • Received:2015-04-29 Accepted:2015-05-15 Online:2015-08-03

Lake wetlands are home to a wide variety of wildlife, including numerous species that are highly dependent on habitat and a big portion of them are classified as protected by law. However, lake wetlands are among the most functionally degraded ecosystems. Almost 40% of Chinese lake wetlands are threatened by various factors, including land development, input of pollutants, and hydrologic alterations. A monitoring network is essential for tracking changes in wetland biodiversity. Many developed countries have established regional or even national scale wetland monitoring systems, whereas China is still in the early stages of development. In this paper, we introduce indicators and implementing methods for coastal wetland biodiversity monitoring in the Great Lakes. Five biological groups (i.e. plants, macroinvertebrates, fishes, amphibians and birds) and water were sampled annually from c. 1,500 monitoring sites. Indices of biotic integrity (IBIs) were developed based on biological community data to assess the current status of and temporal trends in wetland health conditions. This project provides the scientific basis for biodiversity conservation and wetland management policy, and represents a good example for formulating a wetland biodiversity monitoring scheme in China.

Key words: lake wetlands, biodiversity, monitoring scheme, indicators, monitoring sites, water quality, index of biotic integrity (IBI)

Table 1

Sample types, indicators and data sources for biodiversity monitoring in Great Lakes coastal wetlands (adopted from GLCWLC, 2008)"

序号
No.
监测对象
Sample types
具体指标
Indicators
获取途径
Sources
1 水质
Water quality
电导率、pH值、溶解氧、温度、氧化还原性、浑浊度、透明度、硝态氮、亚硝态氮、铵态氮、总氮、可溶性磷、总磷、叶绿素a、碱度、氯化物
Specific conductivity, pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, oxidation- reduction potential (redox), turbidity, transparency tube water clarity, nitrate-nitrogen, nitrite-nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen, total nitrogen (TN), soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP), total phosphorus (TP), chlorophyll-a, alkalinity, chloride
野外采样和室内分析
Field sampling and laboratory analysis
2 植物多样性
Plant diversity
种类、物种盖度
Species, species coverage
野外调查
Field surveys
3 底栖无脊椎动物多样性
Macroinvertebrate diversity
科、属、科属个体数
Family, genus, number of individuals per family and genus
野外采样和室内鉴定
Field sampling and laboratory identification
4 鱼类多样性
Fish diversity
种类、物种个体数、年龄段(幼龄或成年)、体长
Species, number of individuals per species, age category (young or older), body length
野外调查
Field surveys
5 两栖类多样性
Amphibian diversity
种类、鸣叫声密集度
Species, calling intensity
野外调查
Field surveys
6 鸟类多样性
Bird diversity
种类、物种个体数
Species, number of individuals per species
野外调查
Field surveys
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