生物多样性 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (8): 874-885.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2016314

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葡萄座腔菌科真菌的系统学和多样性探讨

李文英1,2,3,*(), 李夏1, 解开治1, 邓旺秋2, 庄文颖3   

  1. 1 广东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所农业部南方植物营养与肥料重点实验室/广东省养分资源循环利用与耕地保育重点实验室, 广州 510640
    2 广东省微生物研究所省部共建华南应用微生物国家重点实验室, 广州 510070
    3 中国科学院微生物研究所真菌学国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-25 接受日期:2017-08-15 出版日期:2017-08-20 发布日期:2017-08-31
  • 通讯作者: 李文英
  • 作者简介:# 共同第一作者
  • 基金资助:
    科技部基础性工作专项(2013FY110400)、省部共建华南应用微生物国家重点实验室开放基金(SKLAM001-2016)、真菌学国家重点实验室开放课题(SKLMKF201404)、广州市科技计划项目(201707010044, 201607010062)

Systematics and species diversity of botryosphaeriaceous fungi

Wenying Li1,2,3,*(), Xia Li1, Kaizhi Xie1, Wangqiu Deng2, Wenying Zhuang3   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer in South Region, Ministry of Agriculture/Guangdong Key Laboratory of Nutrient Cycling and Farmland Conservation, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640
    2 State Key Laboratory of Applied Microbiology Southern China, Guangdong Institute of Microbiology, Guangzhou 510070
    3 State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2017-07-25 Accepted:2017-08-15 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2017-08-31
  • Contact: Li Wenying
  • About author:# Co-first authors

摘要:

葡萄座腔菌科的真菌是子囊菌中重要的代表性类群, 是农林生态系统中重要的组成部分。该类真菌物种资源丰富、全型特征多样, 包括许多具有重要经济价值和生态功能的类群, 隶属子囊菌门(Ascomycota)果囊菌亚门(Pezizomycotina)座囊菌纲(Dothideomycetes)葡萄座腔菌目(Botryosphaeriales)。本文在概述葡萄座腔科真菌生态功能的基础上, 回顾了一百年来该类真菌目、科、属和种各级分类单元的建立及其系统分类研究历史, 重点评述以von Arx & Müller和Barr提出的两大分类系统, 总结了基于全型形态特征和多基因序列分析的现代分子系统学研究现状。虽然该类群的分类系统日趋完善, 但中国的相关研究存在资源挖掘不够深入、研究的系统性不足等问题。主要针对资源挖掘必要性、分类依据科学性、物种特征全息化等几个方面存在的问题进行了分析和讨论, 并对未来研究方向进行展望, 以期为该类真菌的深入研究与开发利用提供科学依据。

关键词: 葡萄座腔菌目, 葡萄座腔菌科, 系统分类学, 生物多样性, 系统发育

Abstract:

Botryosphaeriaceous fungi are an important ascomycete group (Botryosphaeriales, Dothideomycetes, Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota). They play essential roles in economic and ecological environments, especially in agroforestry ecosystems. In this overview, we introduce a wide variety of ecological functions of botryosphaeriaceous fungi. The taxonomic studies of the family Botryosphaeriaceae in its early stages have been reviewed in details since 1823, especially the two major classification systems proposed by von Arx & Müller and Barr. The research status, progress based on holomorphological characteristics and multilocus DNA sequence data are summarized towards updating our understanding of species diversity and classification systems of the group. In addition, the research history, current status and work to be done of the group in China are briefly stated. Problems regarding biodiversity and phylogeny are discussed. Research perspectives are proposed based on taxonomic features, species concepts and exploration of bioresources. This review is expected to provide useful information about effective utilization of fungal resources and control of the harmful effects of botryosphaeriaceous fungi.

Key words: Botryosphaeriales, Botryosphaeriaceae, systematic, biodiversity, phylogeny