生物多样性 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (12): 1325-1331.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2018260

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

四姑娘山国家级自然保护区鸟兽多样性初步调查

胡茜茜1, 郑维超2, 李佳琦3, 李晟4, 杨晗5, 陈星1, 官天培1,*()   

  1. 1 绵阳师范学院生态安全与保护四川省重点实验室, 四川绵阳 621000
    2 唐家河国家级自然保护区, 四川广元 628100
    3 生态环境部南京环境科学研究所, 南京 210042
    4 北京大学生命科学学院, 北京 100871
    5 四姑娘山国家级自然保护区, 四川阿坝 624200
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-28 接受日期:2018-12-31 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2019-02-11
  • 通讯作者: 官天培
  • 作者简介:# 共同第一作者
  • 基金资助:
    生态环境部生物多样性保护专项(2110404)

Preliminary survey on mammal and bird diversity at Siguniang Mountains National Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China

Xixi Hu1, Weichao Zheng2, Jiaqi Li3, Sheng Li4, Han Yang5, Xing Chen1, Tianpei Guan1,*()   

  1. 1 Ecological Security and Protection Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Mianyang Teachers’ College, Mianyang, Sichuan 621000;
    2 Tangjiahe National Nature Reserve, Guangyuan, Sichuan 628100
    3 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, Nanjing 210042;
    4 School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    5 Siguniang Mountains National Nature Reserve, Aba, Sichuan 624200
  • Received:2018-09-28 Accepted:2018-12-31 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2019-02-11
  • Contact: Guan Tianpei
  • About author:# 同等贡献作者 Contributed equally to this work

摘要:

物种的分布与多度对我们理解生态过程、实施保护管理以及评估全球变化的影响都非常重要。2017年5-12月, 我们按照公里网格在四川省四姑娘山国家级自然保护区共布设60台固定位点红外相机, 调查了保护区内主要沟系的兽类和鸟类多样性。本次调查累计11,013个相机工作日, 共拍摄到31种兽类和鸟类, 隶属7目18科, 包括5种国家一级和10种国家二级重点保护野生动物, 被IUCN红色名录评估为濒危(EN)、易危(VU)和近危(NT)的野生动物分别有2种、5种和3种。其中, 相对多度指数居于兽类前五位的是毛冠鹿(Elaphodus cephalophus)、水鹿(Rusa unicolor)、喜马拉雅旱獭(Marmota himalayana)、野猪(Sus scrofa)、猪獾(Arctonyx collaris); 相对多度指数居于鸟类前五位的则是血雉(Ithaginis cruentus)、白马鸡(Crossoptilon crossoptilon)、大噪鹛(Garrulax maximus)、雉鹑(Tetraophasis obscurus)和灰头鸫(Turdus rubrocanus)。由于局域性气候、植被类型和地形结构的不同, 使四姑娘山国家级自然保护区与毗邻的卧龙国家级自然保护区存在动物群落结构的差异。本调查初步掌握了四姑娘山保护区内大中型兽类和林下活动鸟类的种类组成和相对多度。

关键词: 自然保护区, 红外相机, 生物多样性编目, 野生动物监测, 横断山脉

Abstract:

Knowledge of the abundance and distribution of biodiversity is vitally important to understand ecological processes, manage for conservation goals, and assess the impacts of global change. In order to investigate the diversity, abundance, and distribution of mammals and birds in Siguniang Mountains National Nature Reserve, we deployed 60 camera traps from May to December 2017. With an extensive survey effort of 11,013 camera-days, we recorded 31 mammal and bird species belonging to 7 orders and 18 families. Among the recorded species, five are first class and ten are second class national protected wildlife, whereas two are listed as Endangered, five as Vulnerable, and three as Near Threatened by the IUCN Red List. In addition to providing a preliminary inventory of large mammals and birds in the reserve, we also assessed the abundance of each species using the relative abundance index. According to this index, the five most abundant mammal species were tufted deer (Elaphodus cephalophus), sambar (Rusa unicolor), Himalayan marmot (Marmota himalayana), wild boar (Sus scrofa) and northern hog badger (Arctonyx collaris). The five most abundant avian species were blood pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus), white eared pheasant (Crossoptilon crossoptilon), giant laughing thrush (Garrulax maximus), chestnut-throated partridge (Tetraophasis obscurus) and chestnut thrush (Turdus rubrocanus). Comparison between Siguniang Mountains and the adjacent Wolong Nature Reserve revealed different community compositions, this was likely due to distinct differences in local climate, vegetation, and topography between the two regions. The data obtained in this study will provide an important basis for future wildlife research and conservation management, and also provides support for biodiversity monitoring and regional inventories of mammals and birds.

Key words: nature reserve, camera-trapping, biodiversity inventory, wildlife monitoring, Hengduan Mountains