生物多样性 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 229-237.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017275

• 研究报告:研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

红外相机技术与其他几种森林鸟类多样性调查方法的比较

张倩雯1, 2, 3, 龚粤宁4, 宋相金5, 王新财3, 杨昌腾4, 束祖飞5, 邹发生3, *()   

  1. 1 (中国科学院华南植物园, 广州 510650)
    2 (中国科学院大学, 北京 100049)
    3 (广东省生物资源应用研究所, 广东省动物保护与资源利用重点实验室, 广东省野生动物保护与利用公共实验室, 广州 510260)
    4 (广东南岭国家级自然保护区管理局, 广东乳源 512727)
    5 (广东车八岭国家级自然保护区管理局, 广东始兴 512528)
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-21 接受日期:2018-03-27 出版日期:2018-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 邹发生 E-mail:zoufs@giabr.gd.cn
  • 基金项目:
    广东省科学院科研平台环境与能力建设专项(2016GDASPT-0305)、广东省科学院野外台站项目(Sytz 201506, Sytz 201514)和广东省自然保护区专项资金项目(GDHS15SGFX07060, RYCG12-14)

Comparing the effectiveness of camera trapping to traditional methods for biodiversity surveys of forest birds

Zhang Qianwen1, 2, 3, Gong Yuening4, Song Xiangjin5, Wang Xincai3, Yang Changteng4, Shu Zufei5, Zou Fasheng3, *()   

  1. 1 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3 Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Conservation and Resource Utilization, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Wild Animal Conservation and Utilization, Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources, Guangzhou 510260
    4 Administration of Guangdong Nanling National Nature Reserve, Ruyuan, Guangdong 512727
    5 Administration of Guangdong Chebaling National Nature Reserve, Shixing, Guangdong 512528
  • Received:2017-10-21 Accepted:2018-03-27 Online:2018-03-20
  • Contact: Zou Fasheng E-mail:zoufs@giabr.gd.cn

为了探讨红外相机技术、网捕法、固定距离样线法和固定半径样点法对森林鸟类多样性调查的有效性和实用性, 我们于2011-2016年, 用这几种方法调查了广东南岭国家级自然保护区和车八岭国家级自然保护区的鸟类多样性。在南岭, 固定距离样线法和固定半径样点法记录鸟类222种, 网捕鸟类43种, 红外相机拍到鸟类47种; 其中1种鸟仅网捕到, 6种鸟仅被红外相机拍到, 164种鸟仅被固定距离样线法和固定半径样点法记录到。在车八岭, 固定距离样线法和固定半径样点法记录鸟类109种, 网捕鸟类42种, 红外相机拍到鸟类27种, 其中9种鸟仅网捕到, 3种鸟仅被红外相机拍到, 97种鸟仅被固定距离样线法和固定半径样点法记录到。随着鸟类的体重、体长、翅长和跗蹠增加, 网捕到的鸟类个体数量减少, 鸟类身体大小与网捕到的鸟类数量呈显著负相关; 而红外相机拍到的鸟类数量随鸟类的身体大小增大而增加, 并且呈显著的正相关。本文的结果显示, 网捕法和红外相机技术针对不同类群的鸟类调查效力不同, 但都是固定距离样线法和固定半径样点法的有效补充。建议今后开展森林鸟类多样性调查与监测时, 尽量采用多种研究方法相结合, 以求达到最优的效果。

关键词: 鸟类多样性, 红外相机技术, 网捕法, 固定距离样线法, 固定半径样点法, 生物多样性监测

To compare the effectiveness of camera trapping to more common mist netting, fixed-distance line transect, and fixed-radius point count methods of forest birds, we surveyed bird species diversity at Nanling National Nature Reserve and Chebaling National Nature Reserve, Guangdong, China from 2011 to 2016. At Nanling, 222 bird species were recorded by fixed-distance line transect and fixed-radius point count methods, 43 bird species were captured by mist netting and 47 bird species were trapped by cameras. One species was captured only by mist netting, six species only by camera-trapping, and 164 species only by fixed-distance line transect and fixed-radius point count methods. At Chebaling, 109 bird species were recorded by fixed-distance line transect and fixed-radius point count methods, 42 by mist nets and 27 by cameras. Nine species were recorded only by mist netting, three only by camera-trapping, and 97 only by fixed-distance line transect and fixed-radius point count methods. At both sites, the number of birds captured by mist netting was negatively correlated with increasing body size, whether measured as body weight, body length, wing length, or tarsus length. By contrast, the number of birds photographed by camera traps was positively correlated with the same measures of body size. These results show that bird surveys using different methods may yield different results and that method should be selected to suit the body size of the target bird species. In surveying bird diversity of a wide range of body sizes, mist netting and camera trapping together would be complimentary methods. Our results suggest that a combination of research methods may be necessary to obtain reliable avian diversity estimates.

Key words: avian diversity, camera trapping, mist netting, fixed-distance line transect, fixed-radius point count, biodiversity monitoring

图1

南岭红外相机拍到和网捕鸟类数量与体重(a)、体长(b)、翅长(c)、跗蹠长(d)关系图。N: 数量; W: 体重; B: 体长; WL: 翅长; T: 跗蹠长。虚线—95%置信区间, 实线—拟合趋势线。"

图2

车八岭红外相机拍到和网捕鸟类数量与体重(a)、体长(b)、翅长(c)、跗蹠长(d)关系图。N: 数量; W: 体重; B: 体长; WL: 翅长; T: 跗蹠长。虚线—95%置信区间, 实线—拟合趋势线。"

表1

红外相机拍到鸟类和网捕鸟类数量与鸟类身体大小的相关性"

体重 Weight 体长 Body length 翅长 Wing length 跗蹠长 Tarsus length
南岭 Nanling
相机 Camera trapping r = 0.525, sig < 0.001 r = 0.547, sig < 0.001 r = 0.462, sig < 0.001 r = 0.646, sig < 0.001
网捕 Mist net r = -0.504, sig < 0.001 r = -0.443, sig < 0.001 r = -0.538, sig < 0.001 r = -0.424, sig < 0.001
车八岭 Chebaling
相机 Camera trapping r = 0.550, sig < 0.001 r = 0.517, sig < 0.001 r = 0.448, sig = 0.001 r = 0.664, sig < 0.001
网捕 Mist net r = -0.349, sig = 0.008 r = -0.292, sig = 0.029 r = -0.340, sig = 0.01 r = -0.388, sig = 0.003
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