生物多样性 ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (5): 551-558.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2012.08118

所属专题: 创刊20周年纪念专刊

• 《生物多样性》创刊20年纪念专刊 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国生物多样性就地保护的研究与实践

马建章*, 戎可, 程鲲   

  1. 东北林业大学野生动物资源学院, 哈尔滨 150040
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-22 修回日期:2012-07-20 出版日期:2012-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 马建章 E-mail:jianzhangma@163.com

Research and practice on biodiversity in situ conservation in China: progress and prospect

Jianzhang Ma*, Ke Rong, Kun Cheng   

  1. College of Wildlife Resources, Northeast Forest University, Harbin 150040
  • Received:2012-05-22 Revised:2012-07-20 Online:2012-09-20
  • Contact: Jianzhang Ma E-mail:jianzhangma@163.com

中国是世界上生物多样性最丰富的地区之一, 但面临着较大的生态衰退风险。中国生物多样性受到的威胁来自包括人口众多、经济发展模式单一落后、工业化进程加快、气候变化和外来物种入侵等多种因素。生物多样性的就地保护对于维护国家生态安全具有重要意义, 同时也是中国可持续发展的需要。本文就中国生物多样性就地保护的研究成果和保护成就进行了回顾, 提出了未来应该着重加强的研究领域。中国生物多样性的就地保护研究与实践主要集中在生物多样性资源调查、濒危物种管理和自然保护区建设等方面。中国政府在生物多样性就地保护领域开展了大量卓有成效的工作, 发布实施了一系列的保护行动规划, 不断提高了生物多样性的保护水平。中国的生物多样性就地保护经过了由数量发展到质量发展的阶段后, 未来的研究重点应该集中在生物多样性形成与维持机制、生物多样性受胁原因与响应机制、生物多样性长期监测与评估、自然保护区有效管理和自然保护区立法等方面。

Although China has a very rich biodiversity, it is also part of a region where biodiversity resources have declined rapidly. Threats to biodiversity in China include a large human population, economic and industrial development, climate change, and exotic invasive species. In situ conservation of biodiversity is needed for sustainable development and natural resource management in China. We provide a summary of results of in situ conservation research and use these data to develop future research directions. The focal areas of in situ conservation research over the last 6 decades focused on biodiversity resource investigation, endangered species management, and the construction of nature reserves. Large efforts including a series of protection action plans were implemented by the Chinese government to improve biodiversity conservation. Future research on in situ biodiversity conservation in China should focus on: (1) the mechanisms of the formation and maintenance of biodiversity; (2) identifying the major threats to the conservation of biodiversity; (3) being coupled with long-term monitoring for the effective management and (4) legislation of natural resources.

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