生物多样性 ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (5): 633-638.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2012.06123

所属专题: 创刊20周年纪念专刊

• 《生物多样性》创刊20年纪念专刊 • 上一篇    下一篇

台湾生物多样性研究的十年回顾(2001–2011)

邵广昭   

  1. 中研院生物多样性研究中心, 台北 11529
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-28 修回日期:2012-07-24 出版日期:2012-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 邵广昭 E-mail:zoskt@gate.sinica.edu.tw

Taiwan’s biodiversity research achievements over the past 10 years (2001–2011)

Kwang-Tsao Shao   

  1. Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529
  • Received:2012-05-28 Revised:2012-07-24 Online:2012-09-20
  • Contact: Kwang-Tsao Shao E-mail:zoskt@gate.sinica.edu.tw

台湾的学界从20世纪90年代开始推广生物多样性的保育、教育及研究工作。2001年起行政部门通过了“生物多样性推动方案”, 科技部门于2002年成立了“生物多样性学门”。随后各大学及“中研院”陆续新设或改组成立生物多样性研究所或中心, 积极展开相关的研究工作。科技部门以资助基础科学研究为主, 农业部门则以与保育、经营管理及利用相关的研究成果为主。本文乃以2009年出版的Taiwan Global Change Research一书中DIVERSITAS一章为基础, 其内容与生物多样性推动方案较相关的研究工作, 摘录整理过去10年来的若干研究成果, 包括分类学、长期生态、生态系模式、气候变迁、亲缘地理、遗传资源、栖地复育、数据库建置等领域。并依不同年度、学科领域、栖地类型、生物类别之关键词上网查询并统计发表的SCI论文的篇数, 藉此一窥这10年来台湾在生物多样性研究之能力及进展。最后再就生物多样性研究未来所可能面临的问题及展望提供个人浅见, 供读者参考。

Since the 1990s, Taiwan’s academic community has been promoting the conservation, education, and research of biodiversity. The Administration authority passed the “Biodiversity Promotion Plan” in 2001 and the Research Agency established an independent Biodiversity discipline in 2002. Subsequently, several universities and the Academia Sinica either founded or reorganized biodiversity research institutes or centers to actively carry out related research. The Research Agency sponsors basic scientific studies, whereas the Agriculture Agency focuses on direct applications, including conservation, management, and utilization of natural resources. This article reviews Taiwan’s research achievements over the past 10 years by summarizing the contents in the “DIVERSITAS” chapter in the book of “Taiwan Global Change Research” (published in 2009). The excerpt covers taxonomy, long-term ecological studies, ecosystem modeling, climate change, phylogeography, genetic resources, habitat restoration, and database construction. We report the trends in publication year, discipline, habitat type, and study organism of all SCI (Science Citation Index) papers published from Taiwan in the past 10 years to gauge the capacity and progress of biodiversity research in Taiwan. Lastly, we report the problems and prospects of Taiwan’s future biodiversity research.

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