生物多样性 ›› 2011, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (5): 497-504.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.08068

• 保护论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

构建我国生物多样性评价的指标体系

李果, 吴晓莆, 罗遵兰, 李俊生*   

  1. 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012
  • 收稿日期:2011-04-15 修回日期:2011-08-23 出版日期:2011-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 李俊生 E-mail:lijsh@craes.org.cn
  • 基金项目:

    2007年环境保护公益项目 “全国生物多样性监测与评价技术研究”

Establishing an indicator system for biodiversity assessment in China

Guo Li, Xiaopu Wu, Zunlan Luo, Junsheng Li*   

  1. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
  • Received:2011-04-15 Revised:2011-08-23 Online:2011-09-20
  • Contact: Junsheng Li E-mail:lijsh@craes.org.cn

生物多样性指标体系的建设过程长期而复杂, 需要结合科学研究、监测以及决策制定, 并基于合理的结构进行指标设计。构建适宜的生物多样性评价指标体系、监测评估生物多样性状况及变化趋势, 已被纳入我国国家生物多样性战略及其行动计划。本文结合国内外经验, 从指标的逻辑框架、空间尺度、时间尺度、指标类型、评价方法等5个方面探讨了指标体系构建中需要注意的问题。并依据我国2011–2030年国家生物多样性保护战略与行动计划, 提出了我国生物多样性评价的8个重要参考方面, 分别是: 生物多样性的现状与变化趋势; 生态系统的产品与服务功能; 生物多样性面临的威胁; 可持续利用; 遗传资源的获取与惠益共享; 政策法律体系与生态规划;财政资源状况; 公众意识。最后基于适用性、代表性、敏感性、综合性原则, 甄选出26个评价指标。这些指标可以从压力、现状、影响及响应等方面对遗传多样性、物种多样性以及生态系统多样性分别进行评价, 并评估国家 生物多样性战略行动目标的实施进展。

The development of biodiversity indicators is a complex and long-term process that requires linking research with monitoring and policy making, choosing sound approach to structure indicators, and implementing the technical design. The need to develop suitable indicators for monitoring and assessing biodiversity status and trends is reflected in China’s national biodiversity strategies. We review the practices of indicator development from both home and abroad and discuss the issues concerning the technical design of indicators, including causal frameworks of indicator system, spatial and temporal scales, indicator types and assessment methods. We also identify eight focal areas for biodiversity assessment which reflect the objectives of the 2011–2030 national biodiversity strategy and action plan. These propositional focal areas include status and trends of biodiversity, ecosystem goods and services, threats to biodiversity, sustainable use, access and benefit-sharing of genetic resources, policy and legal systems/ecological planning, financial resources, and public awareness. We propose a set of 26 possible indicators characterized by ‘practicality’, ‘representativeness’, ‘sensitiveness’ and ‘aggregation possibilities’. The indicators in this set could be grouped and logically linked under the Pressure-State-Impact-Response framework. And they could be used to assess biodiversity at genetic, species, and ecosystem levels, and to measure the progress toward the national biodiversity strategic goals.

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