生物多样性 ›› 2010, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (1): 100-107.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2010.100

• 论文 • 上一篇    

FAO和CITES公约对水生物种保护管理的异同

周宇晶1, 2, 樊恩源2, 刘宝祥2, 冯庚菲2, 黄瑛2   

  1. 1 (上海海洋大学, 上海 201306)
    2 (中国水产科学研究院, 北京 100141)
  • 收稿日期:2009-08-23 出版日期:2010-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 樊恩源

A comparison of FAO and CITES aquatic species management regimes

Yujing Zhou 1, 2, Enyuan Fan 2, Baoxiang Liu 2, Gengfei Feng 2, Ying Huang 2   

  1. 1 Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306
    2 Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Beijing 100141
  • Received:2009-08-23 Online:2010-01-20
  • Contact: Enyuan Fan

FAO和CITES均注重生物多样性保护, CITES通过限制贸易的方式保护生物多样性, FAO则更注重通过科学的渔业管理保障渔业产业的可持续发展。两个组织在水生物种保护管理问题上的管理理念和管理手段各有侧重、互为补充。近年来, FAO和CITES就CITES水生物种管理问题展开了合作, 但合作存在着责任定位交叉、所依据的技术标准不尽统一、CITES部分管理条款在应用上存在较大争议等问题。本文比较分析了FAO和CITES在重要水生物种管理问题上存在着的共性和差异, 旨在为国内水生生物保护管理、政府履约及中国在国际经济活动中维护合法权益提供技术参考和依据。

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) are both involved in the protection of biodiversity. CITES is a mechanism which limits international trade in wildlife, while the FAO is more concerned with scientific management of the agricultural and fishery industries in order to promote their sustainable development. Consequently, these two organizations employ different goals and methodologies in their management of aquatic species, and their work is complementary. Over the past few years, the FAO has begun to cooperate with CITES on issues of aquatic species management. However, to date the organizations have not precisely defined their respective responsibilities, their technological standards are not coordinated, and the FAO has not assented to certain provisions in CITES on species management. This article compares FAO and CITES management of several important aquatic species, and offers several recommendations directed at improving Chinese conservation management of aquatic species and conformance to respective FAO and CITES management regimes, while preserving Chinese legal rights and interests.

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