生物多样性 ›› 2008, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (5): 516-524.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2008.08064

• 论文 • 上一篇    

《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》中有关水生生物物种的提案和对策研究

樊祥国1, 周宇晶2, 刘宝祥2, 冯庚菲2, 樊恩源2*   

  1. 1 (中国海洋大学, 山东青岛 266603)
    2 (中国水产科学研究院, 北京 100141)
  • 出版日期:2008-09-20

Analysis and countermeasure on proposals for aquatic species in CITES

Xiangguo Fan1, Yujing Zhou2, Baoxiang Liu 2, Gengfei Feng2, Enyuan Fan2*   

  1. 1 Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266603
    2 Chinese Academy of Fishery Science, Beijing 100141
  • Online:2008-09-20

气候变化、生物多样性及生物资源等方面的热点研究越来越多地涉及到水生生物, 《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》(CITES)也日益关注水生野生动物的贸易管理问题。自CITES第九届缔约国大会以来, CITES附录物种的讨论中越来越多地出现水生生物种类, 有关的管理机制正在不断完善之中。中国是水生生物的利用大国, CITES对水生生物贸易的管理将会对我国产生深远影响。本文对CITES中水生生物的管理情况进行了回顾, 同时结合公约第十四届缔约国大会的最新信息, 分析了目前的热点问题, 探讨了其对我国水生生物管理的影响。分析结果表明, CITES对水生生物的管理正在不断扩展, 力度不断增强, CITES正趋于参与商业开发水生物种的管理。有鉴于此, 建议加强水生生物资源利用及管理方面的基础性研究, 为资源保护、可持续利用及国家制订公约履约策略提供依据。

关键词: 原生动物多样性, 污染胁迫, 富营养化, 工业污染, 优势种的替代

Environmental research, including the study of climate change, biodiversity, and biological resources are paying increasing attention to aquatic organisms. Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is therefore increasingly emphasizing the management of aquatic species. Since the 9th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES, aquatic species have occupied an important position in the discussion of species listing, and relevant trade management system has been completed and improved. As a party of CITES and a major consumer of aquatic species, China has been greatly influenced by these actions. By reviewing recent progress of CITES related to aquatic species in light of discussions from 14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES, we summarize the hot topics in aquatic species management, and discuss the trends in their development as well as their impact on Chinese fisheries. We find that the aquatic management scope of CITES is expanding, and that management measures are continuously improving. If CITES continues to include more commercially-exploited aquatic species un-der its protection, this trend will strongly affect Chinese fisheries management. We conclude that intensive research on usage and management of aquatic biotic resources should be encouraged in order to provide data for conservation, sustainable management, and CITES negotiations.

Key words: protozoan diversity, pollution stress, eutrophication, industrial pollution, succession of dominant species

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