生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 244-252.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019323

• 论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

从《生物多样性公约》资金机制战略目标变迁解析生物多样性热点问题

刘海鸥1,2,张风春2,赵富伟3,杜乐山2,薛达元1,*()   

  1. 1 中央民族大学生命与环境科学学院, 北京 100081
    2 中国环境科学研究院国家环境保护区域生态过程与功能评估重点实验室, 北京 100012
    3 生态环境部南京环境科学研究所, 南京 210042
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-16 接受日期:2019-12-19 出版日期:2020-02-20 发布日期:2020-02-27
  • 通讯作者: 薛达元
  • 基金资助:
    中央民族大学双一流建设项目(YLDXXK201819);生态环境部生物多样性调查评估项目(2019HJ2096001006)

Biodiversity sensitive issues from changes in the strategic objectives of the financial mechanism for the Convention on Biological Diversity

Liu Haiou1,2,Zhang Fengchun2,Zhao Fuwei3,Du Leshan2,Xue Dayuan1,*()   

  1. 1 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
    2 State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Regional Eco-process and Function Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    3 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environment and Ecology, Nanjing 210042
  • Received:2019-10-16 Accepted:2019-12-19 Online:2020-02-20 Published:2020-02-27
  • Contact: Xue Dayuan

摘要:

全球环境基金是《生物多样性公约》的唯一资金机制, 它按照《生物多样性公约》要求和基金自身的政策导向为发展中国家和经济转型国家提供资金支持。从其试点期到当前的第7增资期, 全球环境基金在生物多样性领域的战略目标发生了多次变迁, 研究这些资金机制战略目标所涉及的生物多样性热点问题的变迁情况对未来相关工作开展具有一定参考意义。本文梳理了各增资期生物多样性领域战略目标所涉及的生物多样性热点问题, 对每个热点问题在全球环境基金各增资期中资金量和内容的变迁情况进行了分析, 并就中国当前情况与之进行比较, 进而提出了加强对保护地中生态系统代表性的考虑、增强保护地资金可持续性、全面推动生物多样性主流化、加强生物安全相关领域研究、推进遗传资源获取和惠益分享立法并注重知识管理、加强新问题新挑战的应对、深化资金机制研究等建议, 以期为开展《生物多样性公约》履约、生物多样性管理和研究工作提供参考。

关键词: 生物多样性公约, 全球环境基金, 生物多样性热点问题

Abstract:

The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is the only financial mechanism of the Convention on Biological Diversity, providing financial support to developing countries and countries with economies in transition in accordance with the requirements of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the policy orientation of the GEF. From the pilot period to the current seventh replenishment of the GEF (GEF-7), the Strategic Objectives in the focal area of biodiversity in each replenishment period have also undergone several changes. References exist for us to carry out related work in the future to study the changes of biodiversity sensitive issues involved in the Strategic Objectives of the financial mechanism. This paper catalogues sensitive issues involved in the Strategic Objectives of the biodiversity Focal Area in each replenishment period of the GEF, analyzes the changes of each issue in the amount and content of funds in each GEF period, and compares and analyzes the current situation in China. Furthermore, we propose recommendations, including strengthening the consideration of the representativeness of ecosystems in protected areas, enhancing the sustainability of protected areas, comprehensively promoting the mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation, etc., with a view to providing reference for the implementation for the Convention on Biological Diversity, biodiversity management and related research works.

Key words: Convention on Biological Diversity, Global Environment Facility, biodiversity sensitive issues