生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 778-786.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019132

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于在线数据库的鳞翅目刺蛾科昆虫物种多样性及其全球分布格局

焦萌1, 李晶1, *(), 赵慧峰1, 武春生2, 张爱兵1, *()   

  1. 1 首都师范大学生命科学学院, 北京 100048
    2 中国科学院动物研究所动物进化与系统学重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-16 接受日期:2019-06-11 出版日期:2019-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 李晶,张爱兵 E-mail:lij@cnu.edu.cn;zhangab2008@cnu.edu.cn
  • 基金项目:
    国家杰出青年基金(31425023);国家自然科学基金(31772501);北京市自然科学基金(5172005)

Species diversity and global distribution of Limacodidae (Lepidoptera) using online databases

Jiao Meng1, Li Jing1, *(), Zhao Huifeng1, Wu Chunsheng2, Zhang Aibing1, *()   

  1. 1 College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048
    2 Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2019-04-16 Accepted:2019-06-11 Online:2019-07-20
  • Contact: Li Jing,Zhang Aibing E-mail:lij@cnu.edu.cn;zhangab2008@cnu.edu.cn

鳞翅目刺蛾科昆虫在全球范围内广泛分布, 是重要经济林、行道林的主要害虫。本研究通过对在线数据库中刺蛾科昆虫分布数据进行整理分析, 阐明其在全球范围内的物种多样性及分布格局, 并初步探讨造成其物种分布不均的原因, 从而为物种多样性保护及害虫防治提供科学依据。通过检索生物条形码数据库(Barcode of Life Data System V4, BOLD V4)和全球生物多样性信息数据库(Global Biodiversity Information Facility, GBIF)中记录的标本信息, 并结合部分地区鳞翅目昆虫名录及野外采集样本数据, 对刺蛾科昆虫的分布信息进行汇总分析并绘制分布图。统计得到具有明确地理坐标的刺蛾科昆虫分布信息61,947条, 共187属637种。结果表明, 在世界动物地理区系尺度上, 东洋区刺蛾科昆虫物种多样性最高, 共72属, 古北区31属, 澳新区及新热带区均为27属, 非洲热带区22属, 新北区19属。在国家尺度上, 中国存在刺蛾科昆虫123种, 越南116种, 其次为哥斯达黎加(75种)和澳大利亚(69种)。中低纬度地区具有较高的刺蛾科昆虫物种多样性和丰富度, 这有可能与该地区的气候历史条件及丰富的寄主植物资源有关。

关键词: 刺蛾科, 物种多样性, 动物地理区系, 全球分布

Limacodidae (Lepidoptera) is a globally distributed insect and is classified as a pest destroying economic and roadway trees. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the species diversity and global distribution of Limacodidae and to explore the reasons for uneven distribution patterns, which could provide a scientific basis for biodiversity conservation and pest control. Detailed information was downloaded and analyzed from the Barcode of Life Data System V4 (BOLD V4) and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), as well as other local databases of Lepidoptera and related research. A total of 61,947 global distributional records of Limacodidae with explicit coordinates were gathered, including 187 genera and 637 species. At the biogeographic realm scale, 72 genera were recorded in Indomalayan realm, 31 in the Palearctic realm, 27 in the Australasian realm, 27 in the Neotropical realm, 22 in the Afrotropical realm, and 19 in the Nearctic realm. At the national scale, China has the highest species richness (123 species), followed by Vietnam (116 species), Costa Rica (75 species), and then Australia (69 species). The higher species diversity and richness of the Limacodidae in mid-low latitudinal regions may be related to stable climatic history and a vast number of host plants in these regions.

Key words: Limacodidae, species diversity, zoogeographic realms, global distribution

图1

刺蛾科昆虫动物地理区系分布图。图中数字代表属数。"

表1

全球范围刺蛾科昆虫属级阶元动物地理区系统计"

动物地理区系
Zoogeographical realms
区系存在属
Existing genera
总计
Sum
东洋区
Indomalayan
Allothosea, Altha, Althonarosa, Aphendala, Arabessa, Atosia, Austrapoda, Avatara, Barabashka, Barisania, Belippa, Birthamula, Birthosea, Caelestomorpha, Caissa, Calauta, Cania, Ceratonema, Chalcocelis, Chalcoscelides, Cheromettia, Chibaraga, Darna, Demonarosa, Dudgeonea, Euphlyctinides, Flavinarosa, Griseothosea, Hampsonella, Heringarosa, Hindothosea, Hyphorma, Hyphormides, Iraga, Kitanola, Limacocera, Mahanta, Matsumurides, Miresa, Monema, Mummu, Nagodopsis, Narosa, Narosoideus, Neothosea, Nephelimorpha, Nirmides, Oxyplax, Parasa, Phlossa, Phocoderma, Polyphena, Praesetora, Prapata, Pretas, Pseudaltha, Pseudidonauton, Pseudocaissa, Pseudonirmides, Quasinarosa, Quasithosea, Rhamnosa, Sansarea, Scopelodes, Setora, Setothosea, Squamosa, Susica, Tanvia, Tennya, Thosea, Vipaka 72
古北区
Palearctic
Acraephnes, Altha, Aphendala, Apoda, Austrapoda, Belippa, Birthosea, Caissa, Ceratonema, Chalcoscelides, Chibaraga, Darna, Heterogenea, Iraga, Iragoides, Isa, Mahanta, Mediocampa, Microcampa, Microleon, Monema, Narosa, Narosoideus, Neothosea, Parasa, Phlossa, Phrixolepia, Rhamnosa, Scopelodes, Setora, Thosea 31
澳新区
Australasian
Anaxidia, Anepopsia, Apodecta, Birthamoides, Calcarifera, Chalcocelis, Comana, Comanula, Doratifera, Ecnomoctena, Elassoptila, Eloasa, Hedraea, Hydroclada, Hypselolopha, Lamprolepida, Limacochara, Mambara, Mecytha, Parasoidea, Pinzulenza, Praesusica, Pseudanapaea, Pygmaeomorpha, Scopelodes, Squamosa, Thosea 27
新热带区
Neotropical
Acharia, Alarodia, Blazia, Dichromapteryx, Epiperola, Euclea, Euphobetron, Euprosterna, Heuretes, Isa, Isochaetes, Leucophobetron, Miresa, Monoleuca, Narosopsis, Natada, Parasa, Perola, Phobetron, Prolimacodes, Pseudovipsania, Semyra, Talima, Tanadema, Venadicodia, Vipsania, Vipsophobetron 27
非洲热带区
Afrotropical
Afrobirthama, Ambaliha, Andaingo, Birthama, Chrysopoloma, Coenobasis, Cosuma, Crothaema, Ctenolita, Delorhachis, Hadraphe, Halseyia, Hamartia, Latoia, Micraphe, Pantoctenia, Parapluda, Scotinochroa, Strigivenifera, Teinorhynca, Thliptocnemis, Uniserrata 22
新北区
Nearctic
Adoneta, Acharia, Alarodia, Apoda, Cryptophobetron, Darna, Euclea, Euprosterna, Heterogenea, Isa, Isochaetes, Lithacodes, Monoleuca, Natad, Packardia, Parasa, Phobetron, Prolimacodes, Tortricidia 19

表2

不同动物地理区系中刺蛾科昆虫的属数"

动物地理区系 Zoogeographical realms 属数 No. of genera 占比 Proportion (%)
东洋区 Indomalayan 72 38.50
古北区 Palearctic 31 16.58
澳新区 Australasian 27 14.43
新热带区 Neotropical 27 14.43
非洲热带区 Afrotropical 22 11.76
新北区 Nearctic 19 10.16
东洋区 + 古北区 Indomalayan + Palearctic 19 10.16
新北区 + 新热带区 Nearctic + Neotropical 9 4.81
澳新区 + 东洋区 Australasian + Indomalayan 2 1.07
古北区 + 新北区 Palearctic + Nearctic 2 1.07
东洋区 + 新北区 Indomalayan + Nearctic 1 0.53
澳新区 + 东洋区 + 古北区 Australasian + Indomalayan + Palearctic 2 1.07
东洋区 + 古北区 + 新北区 Indomalayan + Palearctic + Nearctic 1 0.53
古北区 + 新北区 + 新热带区 Palearctic + Nearctic + Neotropical 1 0.53
东洋区 + 古北区 + 新北区 + 新热带区 Indomalayan + Palearctic + Nearctic + Neotropical 1 0.53

表3

不同地理区系中刺蛾科共有属统计"

属名 Genus 动物地理区系 Zoogeographical realms
澳新区
Australasian
东洋区
Indomalayan
古北区
Palearctic
新北区
Nearctic
新热带区
Neotropical
非洲热带区
Afrotropical
Acharia + +
Alarodia + +
Altha + +
Aphendala + +
Apoda + +
Austrapoda + +
Belippa + +
Birthosea + +
Caissa + +
Ceratonema + +
Chalcocelis + +
Chalcoscelides + +
Chibaraga + +
Darna + + +
Euclea + +
Euprosterna + +
Heterogenea + +
Iraga + +
Iragoides + +
Isochaetes + +
Isa + + +
Mahanta + +
Miresa + +
Monoleuca + +
Monema + +
Narosa + +
Narosoideus + +
Natada + +
Neothosea + +
Parasa + + + +
Phlossa + +
Phobetron + +
Prolimacodes + +
Rhamnosa + +
Scopelodes + + +
Setora + +
Squamosa + +
Thosea + + +
总计 Sum 4 26 26 14 12 0

图2

不同动物地理区系刺蛾科昆虫存在属及特有属数目"

图3

全球尺度下物种数目与纬度相关性分析"

图4

刺蛾科昆虫物种数量排名前15的国家"

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