生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (11): 1184-1195.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019120

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

附生蕨类植物的克隆性研究进展

孙晶琦1, 2, 陈泉2, 李航宇2, 3, 常艳芬4, 巩合德1, 宋亮2, 卢华正2, *()   

  1. 1 西南林业大学地理与生态旅游学院, 昆明 650224
    2 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园热带森林生态学重点实验室, 云南勐腊 666303
    3 普洱学院生物与化学学院, 云南普洱 665000
    4 衡阳师范学院生命科学与环境学院, 湖南衡阳 421008
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-08 接受日期:2019-10-08 出版日期:2019-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 卢华正 E-mail:luhuazheng@xtbg.org.cn
  • 基金项目:
    云南省应用基础研究计划面上项目(2013FB076);云南省应用基础研究计划面上项目(2019FB037);国家自然科学基金(31300459);国家自然科学基金(31872685)

Progress on the clonality of epiphytic ferns

Jingqi Sun1, 2, Quan Chen2, Hangyu Li2, 3, Yanfen Chang4, Hede Gong1, Liang Song2, Huazheng Lu2, *()   

  1. 1 School of Geography and Ecotourism, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224
    2 CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303
    3 College of Biology and Chemistry, Pu’er University, Pu’er, Yunnan 665000;
    4 College of Life Sciences and Environment, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang, Hunan 421008
  • Received:2019-04-08 Accepted:2019-10-08 Online:2019-11-20
  • Contact: Lu Huazheng E-mail:luhuazheng@xtbg.org.cn

石松类及蕨类植物在高等植物中处于比较特殊的进化与系统发育地位, 同时具有孢子植物(孢子)与种子植物(维管束)的双重特征。附生蕨类植物是蕨类植物中占据独特生境的一个大类群, 其生活史策略及进化历史与其附生生长的森林生态系统紧密相关。大部分附生蕨类植物的克隆生长习性及克隆生活史性状在其生态适应中具有重要作用, 但这方面未引起广泛关注。本文主要综述了中国山地森林中附生蕨类植物的根状茎克隆生长、克隆性与生态适应性、不同克隆生长方式与进化等方面, 并展望了蕨类植物克隆性在森林生态系统过程与功能中的作用, 以及今后如何将蕨类植物生态学研究与气候变化、植被恢复、土地利用变化等全球变化的主流方向进行结合。

关键词: 蕨类植物, 林冠, 附生植物, 克隆性, 森林生态系统, 生态功能

Lycophytes and ferns display dual life-history traits including a cryptogam (spore) and spermatophyte (vascular bundle) form, which can be attributed to their specific evolutionary history. Among them, epiphytic ferns occupy unique habitats in forests, and their life-history strategies and evolutionary history exhibit close relationships with forest ecosystems. Most epiphytic ferns are capable of clonal growth. However, it is yet unclear how clonal life-history traits affect the adaptation of epiphytic ferns to forest canopies. Here, we review studies of rhizomatous clonal growth of epiphytic ferns, the relationship of fern clonality with ecological adaptation, the clonal forms of ferns, and the evolution of fern clonality. We then discuss the roles of fern clonality in the processes and functions of forest ecosystem and suggest future directions of how to combine fern ecology to global change studies.

Key words: pteridophytes, forest canopy, epiphytes, clonality, forest ecosystem, ecological functions

图1

蕨类植物生活史特征与克隆性。循环A示孢子体克隆性, 循环B示配子体克隆性, 循环C示单性生殖; ABC颜色深浅顺序示自然状况下发生频率由高到低(改自Mehltreter et al, 2010)。"

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