生物多样性 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 572-577.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2017271

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国极小种群野生植物的保护现状评估

张则瑾1,2, 郭焱培2, 贺金生2, 唐志尧2,*()   

  1. 1 中国科协创新战略研究院, 北京 100863
    2 北京大学城市与环境学院, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-28 接受日期:2018-01-04 出版日期:2018-06-20 发布日期:2018-09-11
  • 通讯作者: 唐志尧
  • 作者简介:

    # 共同第一作者

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31170499, 31021001)和环保公益性行业科研专项(201209028)

Conservation status of Wild Plant Species with Extremely Small Populations in China

Zejin Zhang1,2, Yanpei Guo2, Jin-Sheng He2, Zhiyao Tang2,*()   

  1. 1 National Academy of Innovation Strategy, Beijing 100863
    2 College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2017-10-28 Accepted:2018-01-04 Online:2018-06-20 Published:2018-09-11
  • Contact: Tang Zhiyao
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

摘要:

广阔的地域和多样的地形造就了中国丰富的生物多样性, 同时长时间的人类活动也导致我国有不少物种的生存受到威胁, 特别是一些极度濒危、随时有灭绝危险、生境要求独特、生态幅狭窄或基因易流失的物种需要重点保护。近期国家出台了《全国野生动植物及自然保护区建设工程总体规划》, 其中包含了首批重点保护的极小种群植物名单。本研究中, 我们整理了120种极小种群野生植物的高精度分布图, 探讨其分布格局并通过国家级和省级保护区网络评估其保护现状。研究发现, 中国极小种群野生植物丰富度最高的地方是云南东南部、广西西南部和海南岛西南部。国家级自然保护区对中国极小种群野生植物分布区的平均覆盖率为21.5%, 省级自然保护区的平均覆盖率为10.9%。有35种极小种群野生植物(占总数的29%)未受国家级自然保护区覆盖, 有17种(14%)未受任何国家级或省级自然保护区覆盖。我们建议在云南和海南省针对极小种群建立自然保护区。

关键词: 自然保护区, 格局, 物种丰富度, 极小种群野生植物

Abstract:

China is characterized as one of the countries with the greatest diversity worldwide, mostly because of its vast area and heterogeneous topography. Meanwhile, the long history of human activity has led to the decrease of populations for considerable species in China. To protect these species, the Chinese government proposed a list of the first batch of Wild Plant Species with Extremely Small Populations (PSESP). In this study, we developed a fine-resolution distribution database for 120 PSESPs, explored the distribution patterns, and evaluated the in situ conservation status of the PSESPs by overlapping species distribution with terrestrial national and provincial nature reserves (NNRs and PNRs) in China. We found the greatest richness of PSESPs in the southeast regions of Yunnan, the southwest regions of Guangxi, and the southwest regions of Hainan Island. On average, NNRs covered 21.5%, while PNRs covered an additional 10.9% of the distribution areas of PSESPs. However, 35 PSESPs (29% of the total) were not covered by NNRs and 17 PSESPs (14%) were not covered by either NNRs or PNRs. We proposed that nature reserves specifically designed for the PSESPs need to be constructed in the Yunnan and Hainan provinces.

Key words: nature reserves, pattern, species richness, PSESP