生物多样性 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 237-245.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2016159

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中国兽类多样性监测网的建设规划与进展

肖治术1,5,*(), 李学友2, 向左甫3, 李明1, 蒋学龙2, 张礼标4   

  1. 1 .中国科学院动物研究所, 北京 100101
    2 .中国科学院昆明动物研究所, 昆明 650223
    3.中南林业科技大学生命科学与技术学院, 长沙 410004
    4 (广东省生物资源应用研究所, 广州 510260
    5.中国科学院大学生命科学学院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-14 接受日期:2017-02-28 出版日期:2017-03-20 发布日期:2017-04-07
  • 通讯作者: 肖治术
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0500105)、“十二五”国家科技支撑项目(2012BAD19B02)和中国生物多样性监测与研究网络项目(Y6236G1001)

Overview of the Mammal Diversity Observation Network of Sino BON

Zhishu Xiao1,5,*(), Xueyou Li2, Zuofu Xiang3, Ming Li1, Xuelong Jiang2, Libiao Zhang4   

  1. 1 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223
    3 College of Life Science and Technology, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004
    4 Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources, Guangzhou 510260
    5 College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2016-06-14 Accepted:2017-02-28 Online:2017-03-20 Published:2017-04-07
  • Contact: Xiao Zhishu

摘要:

兽类类群和物种多样, 分布范围广, 适应于多种生境类型, 对栖息地变化特别敏感, 是生物多样性保护管理与评价的关键指示类群。中国兽类多样性监测网是由中国科学院近年来推动建立的中国生物多样性监测与研究网络的专项网之一, 重点对分布于我国境内的陆生兽类物种多样性及资源进行监测与研究。针对当前我国兽类监测研究面临的三大根本任务(兽类物种有什么? 在哪里? 有多少?), 当务之急是应尽快建立和完善我国兽类各类群的监测技术规范, 制定常态监测计划, 全面建设全国性的兽类多样性监测网络技术体系和监测数据公共信息平台。本文在总结国内外兽类监测研究的基础上, 提出了我国陆生兽类多样性监测网的建设规划, 重点介绍该监测网的科学目标、布局、监测技术和监测数据产品等。本文也总结了近年来我国陆生兽类多样性监测网建设所取得的重要进展及存在的问题, 为全面推动我国兽类多样性联网监测明确发展方向。

关键词: 中国兽类多样性监测网, 生物多样性保护, 科学目标, 监测数据产品, 监测技术

Abstract:

Mammals are key indicators for biodiversity conservation and management due to their high diversity, wide distribution range, and sensitivity to habitat changes. Recently launched by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Mammal Diversity Monitoring Network of Sino BON (Sino BON-Mammal) is a key member of the Biodiversity Monitoring Networks of Sino BON for the monitoring and inventory of terrestrial mammal resources in China. Firstly, this paper reviews several major advances in terrestrial mammal diversity observations in both China and other parts of the world. We then provide an overview of Sino BON-Mammal, including the major scientific goals, monitoring framework, methods, and data products. In addition, we also summarize some working advances of the Mammal Diversity Observation Network of Sino BON since 2011. This overview will be helpful for the development of national observation programs of mammal diversity in China.

Key words: Mammal Diversity Monitoring Network of Sino BON (Sino BON-Mammal), biodiversity conservation, scientific goals, monitoring data products, monitoring methods