生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 225-231.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015052

所属专题: 中国生物物种编目进展

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国被子植物科属概览: 依据APG III系统

刘冰1, 叶建飞1, 2, 刘夙3, 汪远3, 杨永1, *(), 赖阳均4, 曾刚1, 林秦文2   

  1. 1 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
    2 中国科学院植物研究所北京植物园, 北京 100093
    3 上海辰山植物园, 上海 201602
    4 中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所, 南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-06 接受日期:2015-03-24 出版日期:2015-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 杨永 E-mail:ephedra@ibcas.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    科技部标本资源共享平台项目和国家自然科学基金(J1310002, 31270238, 31470301)

Families and genera of Chinese angiosperms: a synoptic classification based on APG III

Bing Liu1, Jianfei Ye1, 2, Su Liu3, Yuan Wang3, Yong Yang1, *(), Yangjun Lai4, Gang Zeng1, Qinwen Lin2   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    2 Beijing Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    3 Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai 201602
    4 Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
  • Received:2015-03-06 Accepted:2015-03-24 Online:2015-03-20
  • Contact: Yang Yong E-mail:ephedra@ibcas.ac.cn

被子植物是现存高等植物最为繁盛的类群, 约30万种, 是陆地植被的主要组成成分。搞清科、属和种的数量和范畴对认识全球和区域生物多样性有重要价值。分子系统学的快速发展, 使很多被子植物的科和属的范畴发生了变化。本文结合APG III系统和一些新的系统发育研究动态, 对中国原产和引入的被子植物科属名单进行了整理, 确认被子植物在中国原产258科, 引入55科(其中6科归化), 中国原产2,872属, 引入1,605属(含归化152属), 并简要介绍了中国被子植物科属范畴的历史沿革和新变化。新的名录与《中国植物志》相比, 新增115科1,729属, 与Flora of China相比, 新增85科1,531属。

关键词: APG III系统, 中国, 分类系统, 科, 属, 被子植物, 原产, 引入, 归化

Angiosperms constitute the most diverse lineage of higher plants and are represented by ca. 300,000 living species that dominate the vegetation of terrestrial ecosystems. Number and composition of families, genera, and species are important to understanding global and regional biodiversity. Due to the rapid development of molecular systematics, circumscriptions of many traditional angiosperm families and genera have been revised. This study investigates circumscriptions of families and genera of native and introduced angiosperms in China according to the APG III classification system and recent phylogenetic studies. Results showed that there are 258 native and 55 introduced families (including 6 naturalized families), and 2,872 native and 1,605 introduced genera (including 152 naturalized genera) in China. A brief introduction to the historical and recent changes of circumscriptions of families and genera occurring in China was also provided. Our list included 115 newly recorded families and 1,729 newly recorded genera when compared to Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae, and 85 newly recorded families and 1,531newly recorded genera when compared to Flora of China.

Key words: APG III, China, classification, family, genus, angiosperms, native, introduced, naturalized

表1

《中国植物志》(FRPS)、Flora of China (FOC)与本文数据两两相比具有相同范围的属的数目"

本文 This study FRPS FOC
本文 This study 4,477 2,748 2,946
FRPS 2,748 3,163 2,786
FOC 2,946 2,786 3,110
1 Akhani H, Edwards G, Roalson EH (2007) Diversification of the old world Salsoleae s.l. (Chenopodiaceae): molecular phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and chloroplast data sets and a revised classification.International Journal of Plant Sciences, 168, 931-956.
2 APG (1998) An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants.Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 85, 531-553.
3 APG II (2003) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II.Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 141, 399-436.
4 APG III (2009) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III.Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161, 105-121.
5 Brickell C (translated by Yang QS (杨秋生), Li ZY (李振宇)) (2005) RHS Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers (世界园林植物与花卉百科全书). Henan Science and Technology Press, Zhengzhou. (in Chinese)
6 Chaowasku T, Johnson DM, van der Ham RWJM, Chatrou LW (2012) Characterization of Hubera (Annonaceae), a new genus segregated from Polyalthia and allied to Miliusa.Phytotaxa, 69, 33-56.
7 Chase MW, Reveal JL (2009) A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III.Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161, 122-127.
8 Christenhusz MJM, Brockington SF, Christin P, Sage RF (2014) On the disintegration of Molluginaceae: a new genus and family (Kewa, Kewaceae) segregated from Hypertelis, and placement of Macarthuria in Macarthuriaceae.Phytotaxa, 181, 238-242.
9 Cuénoud P, Savolainen V, Chatrou LW, Powell M, Grayer RJ, Chase MW (2002) Molecular phylogenetics of Caryophyllales based on nuclear 18S rDNA and plastid rbcL, atpB, and matK DNA sequences.American Journal of Botany, 89, 132-144.
10 Delecti Florae Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae Agendae Academiae Sinicae (中国科学院中国植物志编辑委员会) (1959-2004) Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (中国植物志). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
11 Ding GQ (丁广奇), Wang XW (王学文) (1986) Etymology of Scientific Names of Plants in China (植物学名解释). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
12 Fuentes-Bazan S, Uotila P, Borsch T (2012) A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae).Willdenowia, 42, 5-24.
13 Guo X, Wang J, Xue B, Thomas DC, Su YCF, Tan YH, Saunders RMK (2014) Reassessing the taxonomic status of two enigmatic Desmos species (Annonaceae): morphological and molecular phylogenetic support for a new genus, Wangia.Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 52, 1-15.
14 Haston E, Richardson JE, Stevens PF, Chase MW, Harris DJ (2009) The Linear Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (LAPG) III: a linear sequence of the families in APG III.Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161, 128-131.
15 How FC (侯宽昭) (1982) A Dictionary of the Families and Genera of Chinese Seed Plants (中国种子植物科属词典). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
16 Jia Y (贾渝), He S (何思) (2013) Species Catalogue of China, Vol. 1, Plants: Bryophytes (中国生物物种名录第一卷植物: 苔藓植物). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
17 Judd WS, Campbell CS, Kellogg EA, Stevens PF, Donoghue MJ (translated by Li DZ et al. (李德铢等)) (2012) Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, 3rd edn. (植物系统学(第3版). Higher Education Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
18 Kadereit G, Freitag H (2011) Molecular phylogeny of Camphorosmeae (Camphorosmoideae, Chenopodiaceae): implications for biogeography, evolution of C4-photosynthesis and taxonomy.Taxon, 60, 51-78.
19 Kyalangalilwa B, Boatwright JS, Daru BH, Maurin O, Bank MVD (2013) Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia.Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 172, 500-523.
20 Li ZY (李振宇), Xie Y (解焱) (2002) Invasive Species in China (中国外来入侵种). China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. (in Chinese)
21 Liu S (刘夙), Liu B (刘冰) (2015) The choice rules of Chinese common names of genera of vascular plants in China.Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 23, 254-258. (in Chinese)
22 Luo Y (骆洋), He YB (何延彪), Li DZ (李德铢), Wang YH (王雨华), Yi TS (伊廷双), Wang H (王红) (2012) A comparison of classifications of families of Chinese vascular plants among Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae, Flora of China and the new classifications.Plant Diversity and Resources(植物分类与资源学报), 34, 231-238. (in Chinese with English abstract)
23 Ma JS (马金双) (2011) The Outline of Taxonomic Literature of Eastern Asian Higher Plants (东亚高等植物分类学文献概览). Higher Education Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
24 Ma JS, Clemants S (2006) A history and overview of the Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (FRPS, Flora of China, Chinese edition, 1959-2004).Taxon, 55, 451-460.
25 Moore MJ, Soltis PS, Bell CD, Burleigh JG, Soltis DE (2010) Phylogenetic analysis of 83 plastid genes further resolves the early diversification of eudicots. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 107, 4623-4628.
26 Nickrent DL, Malécot V, Vidal-Russell R, Der JP (2010) A revised classification of Santalales.Taxon, 59, 538-558.
27 Refulio-Rodriguez NF, Olmstead RG (2014) Phylogeny of Lamiidae.American Journal of Botany, 101, 287-299.
28 Reveal JL, Chase MW (2011) APG III: bibliographical information and synonymy of Magnoliidae.Phytotaxa, 19, 71-134.
29 Sanchez A, Schuster TM, Burke JM, Kron KA (2011) Taxonomy of Polygonoideae (Polygonaceae): a new tribal classification.Taxon, 60, 151-160.
30 Schäferhoff B, Müller KF, Borsch T (2009) Caryophyllales phylogenetics: disentangling Phytolaccaceae and Molluginaceae and description of Microteaceae as a new isolated family.Willdenowia, 39, 209-228.
31 Shi S, Li J, Sun J, Yu J, Zhou S (2013) Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae).Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 55, 1069-1079.
32 Soltis DE, Soltis PS, Chase MW, Mort ME, Albach TD, Zanis M, Savolaninen V, Hahn WH, Hoot SB, Fay MF, Axtell M, Swensen SM, Prince LM, Kress WJ, Nixon KC, Farris JS (2000) Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences.Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 133, 381-461.
33 Su JX, Wang W, Zhang LB, Chen ZD (2012) Phylogenetic placement of two enigmatic genera, Borthwickia and Stixis, based on molecular and pollen data, and the description of a new family of Brassicales, Borthwickiaceae. Taxon, 61, 601-611.
34 Tang YC (汤彦承), Lu AM (路安民) (2003) A tentative designation of Chinese names for the non-Chinese angiospermous families.Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica(植物分类学报), 41, 285-304. (in Chinese with English abstract)
35 Wang JX (王锦秀), Tang YC (汤彦承) (2005) Discussion on the code of Chinese nomenclature for Chinese seed plants.Chinese Science and Technology Terms Journal(科技术语研究), 7(3), 61-63. (in Chinese)
36 Wang Q, Ma XT, Hong DY (2014) Phylogenetic analyses reveal three new genera of the Campanulaceae.Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 52, 541-550.
37 Weigend M, Luebert F, Gottschling M, Couvreur TL, Hilger HH, Miller JS (2014) From capsules to nutlets-phylogenetic relationships in the Boraginales.Cladistics, 30, 508-518.
38 Wojciechowski MF (2013) The origin and phylogenetic relationships of the Californian chaparral ‘paleoendemic’ Pickeringia (Leguminosae).Systematic Botany, 38, 132-142.
39 Wu SH, Hsieh CF, Rejmánek M (2004) Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan.Taiwania, 49, 16-31.
40 Wu ZY (吴征镒) (2003) Preface I. In: The Complete Compilation of Names of Chinese Ferns and Seed Plants (中国蕨类植物和种子植物名称总汇) (ed. Ma QY (马其云)). Qingdao Press, Qingdao. (in Chinese)
41 Wu ZY (吴征镒), Lu AM (路安民), Tang YC (汤彦承), Chen ZD (陈之端), Li DZ (李德铢) (2003) The Families and Genera of Angiosperms in China: A Comprehensive Analysis (中国被子植物科属综论). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
42 Wu ZY, Raven PH, Hong DY (1994-2013) Flora of China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
43 Wurdack KJ, Davis CC (2009) Malpighiales phylogenetics: gaining ground on one of the most recalcitrant clades in the angiosperm tree of life.American Journal of Botany, 96, 1551-1570.
44 Xue B, Su YC, Mols JB, Keßler PJ, Saunders RM (2011) Further fragmentation of the polyphyletic genus Polyalthia (Annonaceae): molecular phylogenetic support for a broader delimitation of Marsypopetalum.Systematics and Biodiversity, 9, 17-26.
45 Xue B, Su YC, Thomas DC, Saunders RM (2012) Pruning the polyphyletic genus Polyalthia (Annonaceae) and resurrecting the genus Monoon.Taxon, 61, 1021-1039.
46 Xue CX (薛聪贤) (2002-2004) Illustrated Handbooks of Ornamental Plants, Vol. 1-14 (景观植物实用图鉴 1-14册). Baitong Group, Guangzhou. (in Chinese)
47 Yang Y (杨永), Fu DZ (傅德志), Wang Q (王祺) (2004) Origin of flowers: hypotheses and evidence.Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica(西北植物学报), 24, 2366-2380. (in Chinese with English abstract)
48 Zeng LP (曾丽萍), Zhang N (张宁), Ma H (马红) (2014) Advances and challenges in resolving the angiosperm phylogeny.Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 22, 21-39. (in Chinese with English abstract)
49 Zeng LP, Zhang Q, Sun RR, Kong HZ, Zhang N, Ma H (2014) Resolution of deep angiosperm phylogeny using conserved nuclear genes and estimates of early divergence times.Nature Communications, 5, doi:10.1038/ncomms5956.
50 Zhang LB, Gilbert MG (2015) Comparison of classifications of vascular plants of China.Taxon, 64, 17-26.
51 Zhang N, Zeng LP, Shan HY, Ma H (2012) Highly conserved low-copy nuclear genes as effective markers for phylogenetic analyses in angiosperms.New Phytologist, 195, 923-937.
52 Zhong RS (钟如松), He JY (何洁英), Wu YS (伍有声), Liu DM (刘东明) (2004) A Collection of Illustrative Plates for Palmaceous Introduction (引种棕榈图谱). Anhui Science and Technology Press, Hefei. (in Chinese)
[1] 蒋凯文, 潘勃, 田斌. 近年来中国国产豆科的属级分类学变动[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 689-697.
[2] 顾菡娇, 张参参, 汪金松, 施雪文, 夏瑞雪, 刘斌, 陈伏生, 卜文圣. 中国竹类植物基本形态学功能性状的比较[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 585-594.
[3] 陈志祥, 姚雪莹, Stephen R.Downie, 王奇志. 直刺变豆菜叶绿体全基因组及其特征[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(4): 366-372.
[4] 胡建霖,刘志芳,慈秀芹,李捷. DNA条形码在热带龙脑香科树种鉴定中的应用[J]. 植物学报, 2019, 54(3): 350-359.
[5] 唐康,杨若林. 大豆蛋白编码基因起源与进化[J]. 植物学报, 2019, 54(3): 316-327.
[6] 庄平. 杜鹃花属植物的可育性研究进展[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(3): 327-338.
[7] 刘勋, 张娇, 沈昱辰, 谢德斌, 李宏利, 李春明, 易小平, 赵勇, 唐道彬, 吕长文, 王季春. 基于光合系统参数建立马铃薯耐荫性综合评价体系[J]. 植物学报, 2019, 54(3): 360-370.
[8] 范靖宇, 李汉芃, 杨琢, 朱耿平. 基于本土最优模型模拟入侵物种水盾草在中国的潜在分布[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(2): 140-148.
[9] 陈作艺, 许晓静, 朱素英, 翟梦怡, 李扬. 中国沿海洛氏角毛藻复合群的多样性组成及地理分布[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(2): 149-158.
[10] 陶乃奇, 张斌, 刘信凯, 周和达, 钟乃盛, 严丹峰, 张敏, 高继银, 张文驹. 利用荧光标记SSR鉴别21个茶花新品种[J]. 植物学报, 2019, 54(1): 37-45.
[11] 邹东廷, 王庆刚, 罗奥, 王志恒. 中国蔷薇科植物多样性格局及其资源植物保护现状[J]. 植物生态学报, 2019, 43(1): 1-15.
[12] 宁志英, 李玉霖, 杨红玲, 张子谦. 科尔沁沙地优势固沙灌木叶片氮磷化学计量内稳性[J]. 植物生态学报, 2019, 43(1): 46-54.
[13] 唐志尧, 蒋旻炜, 张健, 张新悦. 航空航天遥感在物种多样性研究与保护中的应用[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(8): 807-818.
[14] 陈凡, 钱前, 王台, 董爱武, 漆小泉, 左建儒, 杨淑华, 林荣呈, 萧浪涛, 顾红雅, 陈之端, 姜里文, 白永飞, 孔宏智, 种康. 2017年中国植物科学若干领域重要研究进展[J]. 植物学报, 2018, 53(4): 391-440.
[15] 侯勤曦, 慈秀芹, 刘志芳, 徐武美, 李捷. 基于DNA条形码评估西双版纳国家级自然保护区对樟科植物进化历史的保护[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(3): 217-228.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed