生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (1): 41-49.doi: 10.17520/biods.2014100

• 研究报告:动物多样性 • 上一篇    下一篇

庙岛群岛南部海域大型底栖动物多样性

李乃成1, 刘晓收1*, 徐兆东1, 赵瑞1, 石洪华2*   

  1. 1中国海洋大学海洋生命学院, 山东青岛 266003
    2国家海洋局第一海洋研究所, 山东青岛 266061
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-26 修回日期:2014-08-10 出版日期:2015-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 刘晓收, 石洪华 E-mail:liuxs@ouc.edu.cn; shihonghua@fio.org.cn
  • 基金项目:

    科技部科技基础性工作专项;海洋公益性行业科研专项

Biodiversity of macrofauna in the southern waters of Miaodao Archipelago, China

Naicheng Li1, Xiaoshou Liu1*, Zhaodong Xu1, Rui Zhao1, Honghua Shi2*   

  1. 1College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong 266003

    2The First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao, Shandong 266061
  • Received:2014-05-26 Revised:2014-08-10 Online:2015-01-20
  • Contact: Xiaoshou Liu, Honghua Shi E-mail:liuxs@ouc.edu.cn; shihonghua@fio.org.cn

为了解庙岛群岛南部海域大型底栖动物群落多样性变化, 我们在该海域设置了11个站位, 于2012年11月、2013年2月、5月、8月共进行了4个航次的调查, 对该海域大型底栖动物的生物多样性变化、种类组成以及优势种等进行了分析。在研究海域共采集到大型底栖动物164种, 包括环节动物多毛类82种, 节肢动物甲壳类38种, 软体动物30种, 棘皮动物9种, 其他类群5种。各站位种类数在6–42种之间。物种数冬夏较多、春季较少。各站位Shannon-Wiener多样性指数未呈现明显的季节性变化; 均匀度指数春夏最高; 而丰富度指数春夏两季最低。沉积物中有机质与叶绿素含量是影响大型底栖动物多样性的主要因素。丰度–生物量比较曲线(ABC曲线)结果表明, 位于庙岛与北长山岛之间的C13站、毗邻庙岛的C17站和C28站的底栖动物群落受到了中等程度的扰动, 其余站位未受到明显扰动。

关键词: 庙岛群岛, 大型底栖动物, 生物多样性, ABC曲线, 沉积物

The objectives of this study were to reveal fluctuations in the macrofaunal biodiversity and to provide a scientific basis for sustainable exploration of biological resources in the southern waters of the Miaodao Archipelago. Accordingly, in November 2012, February 2013, May 2013 and August 2013, four cruises were carried out in this area to investigate patterns in macrofaunal biodiversity. Shannon-Wiener diversity index, species evenness and richness indices were compared to investigate biodiversity patterns. Meanwhile, species composition and dominant species of macrofauna were also estimated. A total of 164 species of macrofauna were identified, including 82 species of polychaetes, 38 species of crustaceans, 30 species of mollusks, 9 species of echinoderms, and 5 species from other phyla. The species number of each station ranged from 6 to 42. Numbers of species in summer and winter were higher than in spring. No seasonal differences in Shannon-Wiener diversity were detected. Pielou’s evenness index was highest in summer and spring. The species richness index was slightly lower in spring and in summer. It was revealed that the number of species and the abundance had great effects on macrobenthic species diversity, while some environmental factors correlated closely with biodiversity. Sediment levels of organic matter and chlorophyll were the main factors affecting biodiversity of macrofauna, through their influence on number of species and evenness. According to abundance-biomass comparison curves (ABC curves), macrobenthic communities at Station C13 (between Miao Island and Beichangshan Island), Stations C17 and C28 (close to Miao Island) were affected by moderate disturbance. Disturbance was not detected at the other stations in the study area.

Key words: Miaodao Archipelago, macrofauna, biodiversity, ABC curves, sediment

[1] 李熠 唐志尧 闫昱晶 王科 蔡磊 贺金生 古松 姚一建. (2020) 物种分布模型在大型真菌红色名录评估及保护中的应用: 以冬虫夏草为例(大型真菌红色名录专辑). 生物多样性, 28(1): 0-0.
[2] 杨锐, 彭钦一, 曹越, 钟乐, 侯姝彧, 赵智聪, 黄澄. (2019) 中国生物多样性保护的变革性转变及路径. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[3] 李顺, 邹亮, 宫一男, 杨海涛, 王天明, 冯利民, 葛剑平. (2019) 激光雷达技术在动物生态学领域的研究进展. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[4] 李永民, 吴孝兵. (2019) 安徽省两栖爬行动物名录修订. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1002-1011.
[5] 张渊媛. (2019) 生物多样性相关传统知识的国际保护及中国应对策略. 生物多样性, 27(7): 708-715.
[6] 杨云卉, 白可喻, Devra Jarvis, 龙春林. (2019) 西双版纳黄瓜农家品种及其传统知识. 生物多样性, 27(7): 743-748.
[7] 孙蓓蓓, 俞存根, 刘惠, 颜文超, 张文俊, 戴冬旭. (2019) 南麂列岛东侧海域春秋季虾蟹类生物多样性. 生物多样性, 27(7): 787-795.
[8] 丁陆彬, 马楠, 王国萍, 何思源, 闵庆文. (2019) 生物多样性相关传统知识研究热点与前沿的可视化分析. 生物多样性, 27(7): 716-727.
[9] 孔嘉鑫, 张昭臣, 张健. (2019) 基于多源遥感数据的植物物种分类与识别: 研究进展与展望. 生物多样性, 27(7): 796-812.
[10] 曹宁, 薛达元. (2019) 论壮族传统文化对生物多样性的保护: 以广西靖西市为例. 生物多样性, 27(7): 728-734.
[11] 邢圆, 吴小平, 欧阳珊, 张君倩, 徐靖, 银森录, 谢志才. (2019) 赣江水系大型底栖动物多样性与受胁因子初探. 生物多样性, 27(6): 648-657.
[12] 桂旭君, 练琚愉, 张入匀, 李艳朋, 沈浩, 倪云龙, 叶万辉. (2019) 鼎湖山南亚热带常绿阔叶林群落垂直结构及其物种多样性特征. 生物多样性, 27(6): 619-629.
[13] 张晓玲, 李亦超, 王芸芸, 蔡宏宇, 曾辉, 王志恒. (2019) 未来气候变化对不同国家茶适宜分布区的影响. 生物多样性, 27(6): 595-606.
[14] 刘艳, 杨钰爽. (2019) 生物多样性保护优先区对重庆苔藓植物多样性保护的重要性. 生物多样性, 27(6): 677-682.
[15] 李晗溪, 黄雪娜, 李世国, 战爱斌. (2019) 基于环境DNA-宏条形码技术的水生生态系统入侵生物的早期监测与预警. 生物多样性, 27(5): 491-504.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed