Biodiv Sci ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 23365.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2023365

• Special Feature: Sino BON Tenth Anniversary • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Advances and prospects of the thematic monitoring network of soil fauna diversity in China

Xie Zhijing1,2(), Liu Xiangyu2, Sun Xiaoming3, Liu Jiliang4, Liu Zhanfeng5, Zhang Xiaoke6, Chen Jun7, Yang Xiaodong8, Zhu Bo9, Ke Xin10, Wu Donghui2,*()   

  1. 1 State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation Restoration, School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130117
    2 Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102
    3 Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization & Ecological Restoration and Biodiversity, Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
    4 Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000
    5 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
    6 Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016
    7 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    8 Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan, 666303
    9 Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
    10 Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences / Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032
  • Received:2023-09-26 Accepted:2023-12-22 Online:2023-12-20 Published:2024-01-05
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Background: Soil animals, essential components of terrestrial ecosystems, play a crucial role in regulating the structural and functional integrity of ecosystems. They significantly contribute to maintenance of biodiversity, energy flow, and nutrient cycles. Unfortunately, the persistent impacts of climate change and human activities have resulted in the degradation of soil animal diversity, escalating the risk of extinction for soil biota. Recognizing the urgency of this situation, there is a growing emphasis on monitoring, protecting, and restoring soil animal diversity. In response to this imperative, the Soil Organisms Monitoring Network was officially established in 2016 as a prominent component of the China Biodiversity Monitoring and Research Network (Sino BON). This network encompasses various ecosystems, such as forests, farmland, islands, and desert, and has established a robust foundation for advancing standardization, data sharing, and multi-scale biodiversity change assessments.

Progress: This study delineates the inception and development of the global soil animal diversity monitoring network in the 21st century, with a specific focus on the goals and representative research progress within the context of the Chinese network. Furthermore, it offers insights into the collection and identification of soil animal specimens on a national scale, monitoring activities in typical mountainous vertical natural zones, dynamic tracking of large fixed sample plots, and long-term controlled experimental plots dedicated to soil animal diversity. This study aims to summarize the progress and shortcomings of soil animal monitoring in China and promote the further development of soil animal monitoring. We look forward to future research directions and providing a solid foundation for enhancing the understanding of the multi-scale spatial patterns of soil animal diversity, elucidating maintenance mechanisms, promoting the protection of soil animal diversity, and facilitating the rational utilization of resources. The ultimate goal is to provide essential data support for informed decision-making in environmental conservation and sustainable resource management.

Key words: soil animal, biodiversity, long-term monitoring, net-works, platform construction