Biodiv Sci ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 22609.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2022609

• Editorials • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Thirty key questions for biodiversity science in China

Jian Zhang1, Hongzhi Kong2, Xiaolei Huang3, Shenglei Fu4, Liangdong Guo5, Qinghua Guo6, Fumin Lei7, Zhi Lü8, Yurong Zhou2, Keping Ma2,*()   

  1. 1. Center for Global Change and Complex Ecosystems, Zhejiang Tiantong Forest Ecosystem National Observation and Research Station, School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241
    2. Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    3. State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and Taiwan Crops, College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002
    4. Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions, Ministry of Education; College of Geography and Environmental Science, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475004
    5. State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    6. Institute of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System, School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    7. Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    8. Center for Nature and Society, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Online:2022-10-20 Published:2022-10-31
  • Contact: Keping Ma


Aim & Method: On the 30th anniversary of the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the establishment of the journal Biodiversity Science, we conducted questionnaire surveys from Chinese biodiversity researchers to gather the crucial questions in biodiversity science, and finally collected 763 questions from 281 participants.
Results: By summarizing these questions and using the 100 fundamental questions of British Ecology Society as the reference, we narrowed down these questions into 30 key questions, which is grouped into 7 subjects: evolution and ecology (6 questions), populations (4 questions), communities and diversity (7 questions), ecosystems and functioning (3 questions), human impacts and global change (4 questions), methods and monitoring (4 questions), and biodiversity conservation (2 questions). The first five subjects mainly focus on the important processes and mechanisms of speciation and biodiversity maintenances, the relation between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, and the consequences of global change in biodiversity; the sixth subject focus on biodiversity monitoring, prediction and data sharing; the last subject covers the key issues in conservation and the connections between nature and human health.
Prospect: Although some biases certainly exist in the selection of these questions, we hope that the 30 key questions could stimulate critical thinking and promote in-depth discussions among Chinese biodiversity researchers.

Key words: evolution, population ecology, community ecology, ecosystem functioning, biodiversity monitoring, biodiversity conservation