Biodiv Sci ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 22438.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2022438

Special Issue: 传粉生物学

• Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research advances of plant invasion ecology over the past 10 years

Yanjie Liu1, Wei Huang2,3, Qiang Yang4, Yu-Long Zheng5, Shao-Peng Li6,7, Hao Wu8, Ruiting Ju7,9, Yan Sun10, Jianqing Ding11,*()   

  1. 1. CAS Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Changchun 130102
    2. CAS Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074
    3. Center of Conservation Biology, Core Botanical Gardens, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074
    4. State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystems, College of Ecology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000
    5. CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303
    6. Zhejiang Tiantong Forest Ecosystem National Observation and Research Station, School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241
    7. Institute of Eco-Chongming, Shanghai 202162
    8. College of Life Sciences, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, Henan 464000
    9. Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, National Observations and Research Station for Wetland Ecosystems of the Yangtze Estuary, and Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438
    10. College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070
    11. State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Adaptation and Improvement, School of Life Sciences, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475004
  • Received:2022-07-31 Accepted:2022-10-21 Online:2022-10-20 Published:2022-10-24
  • Contact: Jianqing Ding


Background & Aims: Alien plant invasion has significantly threatened native biodiversity, ecological security, socio-economic development, and human health. Consequently, exploring the mechanisms of alien plant invasion and its ecological impacts are of great importance to the ecologically sustainable development of our country. Both questions are also key topics in the field of invasion ecology. Over the past decade, ecologists have conducted much research and achieved fruitful outcomes, providing theoretical guidance for the prevention and management of invasive alien plants and biodiversity conservation.
Progresses: Based on domestic and international studies in this field over the past decade, the present article reviews the progress of plant invasion ecology, focusing on the following three aspects of the field. First, we present the roles of species characteristics, biotic and abiotic environments on alien plant invasion. Second, we review the impacts of alien plant invasion on native ecosystems. Third, we briefly introduce the term ‘native plant invasion’ as an analog to alien plant invasion, as well as applications of multi-omics technology in the area.
Prospects: The review looks ahead to further developments in invasion ecology, including that (1) multiple species experiments rather than single species experiments are more suited to obtaining gerneralizable findings; (2) the geographical scale is increasing, such as from local scale to latitudinal gradient pattern; (3) more studies are integrating multiple invasion theories, rather than one hypothesis, into a unified framework.

Key words: biotic interaction, biological invasion, diversity, ecological effects, global change, invasion mechanism