Biodiv Sci ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 21225.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2021225

Special Issue: 青藏高原生物多样性与生态安全

• Conservation and Governance • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Roadmap for coordinated development of economic construction and ecological protection in protected areas: Take Sanjiangyuan area as an example

Guanzheng Hu1, Weihua Zeng1,2,*(), Bingran Ma1   

  1. 1 School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    2 Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810001
  • Received:2021-06-01 Accepted:2021-09-30 Online:2022-02-20 Published:2022-02-28
  • Contact: Weihua Zeng


Background There is an urgent need for a measure system to guide the coordinated development of economic construction and ecological protection in the protected area, but most of the relevant planning schemes lack the research on the trade-off relationship between economy and ecology, and the application of roadmap design.

Methods Representative ecosystem services were selected to quantify the situation of economic construction and ecological protection, relationship between economy and ecology was identified through collaborative trade-off analysis, development objectives of each stage were pointed out, collaborative development measures were put forward from the aspects of scale structure, engineering technology, policies and regulations, and then a collaborative development roadmap was designed.

Results & Conclusion The case study results of Sanjiangyuan area showed that its economy and ecology were still in a trade-off state because the rate of human demand for natural resources exceeds the rate of resource renewal. Therefore, the development objectives in the early phase (14th Five Year Plan period), the mid-term (2026-2030) and the long-term (2031-2035) were overall layout planning, solving practical problems and helping the backward, the coordinated development measures were put forward, including optimizing and adjusting the scale of social and economic development structure, optimizing the scope and zoning of national parks, improving the carrying capacity and reducing the utilization intensity of grassland, comprehensive ecological compensation mechanism, sustainable alternative livelihood, improving infrastructure construction and the level of public services, and the roadmap was drawn. Thus, support for the planning of Sanjiangyuan National Park was provided.

Key words: roadmap, protected area, ecosystem service, economic construction, ecological protection