Biodiv Sci ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 780-789.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020401

• Ecosystem Diversity • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evaluation indicator system for the recreational sustainability management of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau national park cluster

Conglin Zhang1, Mengzhen Chu2, Huizhi Zhang3, Haijuan Qiao4, Baorong Huang1,*()   

  1. 1 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
    2 School of Environment & Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872
    3 Beijing Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097
    4 State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029
  • Received:2020-10-14 Accepted:2021-02-02 Online:2021-06-20 Published:2021-05-28
  • Contact: Baorong Huang

Abstract:

Aims: The establishment of an evaluation indicator system of recreational sustainability management is extremely important for the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau national park cluster to guide scientific planning and construction, promote recreational sustainability management, regulate the behaviors of market subjects and visitors, and protect the important and fragile ecological environment.

Methods: Based on scientific investigation of the potential construction area of national park cluster, taking demands as orientation, the demand of national park cluster for recreational sustainability management evaluation indicator is analyzed. Guided by global consensus, the applicability of Global Sustainability Tourism Criteria for Destinations in national park cluster is discussed. Guided by experience, the management emphases of recreational sustainability of national parks in major countries is summarized.

Results: The recreational sustainability management evaluation indicator system for the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau national park cluster has been established, including five first-level indicators of system construction, economy, society, culture and ecological environment, 15 second-level indicators and 34 third-level indicators.

Conclusion & suggestions: The recreational sustainability management evaluation indicator system for the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau national park cluster has regional, representative, systematic and pragmatic characteristics. The application of the Recreational Sustainability Management Evaluation Indicator System for the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau national park cluster needs to be supported by monitoring and statistical systems. However, the foundation of these two fields in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau national park cluster is relatively weak. In order to apply the evaluation indicator system of recreational sustainability management, it is suggested to improve related monitoring and statistics systems. On the one hand, priority should be given to monitoring number of visitors, rare and endemic species, water environment quality, vegetation coverage, authenticity, and integrity of cultural heritage in the national park cluster potential construction area. On the other hand, it is necessary to give priority to strengthen the statistical work on the visitor attributes, visitors' satisfaction, local community satisfaction, the contribution of recreation to local economic and social development, and the waste disposal rate of recreation.

Key words: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, national park cluster, recreation, sustainability, evaluation, indicator