Biodiv Sci ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 247-258.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020392

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The role, status quo and China’s action of international development assistance for biodiversity: Based on the implementation of CBD

Xi Chen*(), Luo Wang   

  1. Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation, Beijing 100710
  • Received:2020-10-09 Accepted:2021-01-19 Online:2021-02-20 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: Xi Chen

Abstract:

Background and Important Implications: Biodiversity aid is the main way to achieve the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) goals and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It is also an important policy tool for China to export and practice Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization, participate in international environmental governance, safeguard China’s overseas development interests and build a good international image.
Current Financing Level: From the perspective of global biological diversity Official Development Assistance (ODA) financing level, the total funds has reached more than 130 billion US dollars by 2018. In recent years, the annual global biological diversity ODA have shown a trend of weak growth of multilateral financing and fluctuating growth of bilateral financing.
Current Policy Level: From the perspective of biodiversity assistance policy, the Executive Secretariat of CBD leads the global biodiversity strategy, IUCN focuses on in-depth assessment of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans(NBSAP)implementation, and the United States, the European Union, France, Germany and Japan have also formulated clear biodiversity assistance policies.
Recommendations: As one of the richest biodiversity resources countries in the world, China is performing its biodiversity protection more effectively, and at the same time, it could also undertake a wider range of international biodiversity protection obligations through foreign aid, including raising the level of biodiversity foreign aid funds, formulating a systematic biodiversity foreign aid plan and strengthening its implementation.

Key words: biodiversity, foreign aid, international financing, CBD, Aichi Target, SDGs, COP15