Biodiv Sci ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 220-230.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020104

Previous Articles     Next Articles

China’s practice of promoting biodiversity conservation in transboundary areas

Tianbao Qin*(), Xin Yuan   

  1. Research Institute of Environment Law, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072
  • Received:2020-03-19 Accepted:2020-06-04 Online:2021-02-20 Published:2020-09-29
  • Contact: Tianbao Qin

Abstract:

Background: As one of the key components of the Convention on Biological Diversity and Aichi Biodiversity Targets the protection of transboundary biodiversity areas has become a prominent issue in international environmental governance. To respond to ecological needs, fulfil the obligations of the Convention on Biological Diversity, and adhere to the concept of a community with a shared future for humankind, China seeks to enhance transboundary protection of regional biodiversity. This includes establishing an international rule system in this field, forming a multi-level cooperation governance organization structure, and producing special cooperation mechanisms for joint law enforcement, information exchange, and cooperative management. These actions have achieved practical outcomes in certain instances.
Problems: There is still a need to form a regional consensus and a global resolution for transboundary biodiversity conservation in China. First, progress has been delayed due to external constraints, such as some nations’ unwillingness or insufficient capacity to cooperate. Second, internal operational deficiencies, such as the lack of a legal basis, the lack of a linkage to a cooperation structure, and the narrow scope of coordination, has also delayed progress.
Recommendations: To promote further development of China’s practice of transboundary biodiversity protection, there should be understood the foundation of multiple parties’ interests and aiding other nations to improve their capacity to overcome external obstacles, increased focus on supplementing the legal and regulatory system, formulating an overall national strategic plan, and expanding the scope of cooperative protection to optimize the existing plan.

Key words: Convention on Biological Diversity, Aichi Targets, biodiversity, transboundary protection