Biodiv Sci

   

Progress, achievements and prospects of biodiversity protection in Yunnan Province

Chunhui Liu1,Lun Yin2   

  1. 1. College of Life and Environmental Science, Minzu University of China
    2. Institute of Historical Documents, Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences
  • Received:2020-03-06 Revised:2020-06-09 Online:2020-09-12 Published:2020-09-12
  • Contact: Lun Yin

Abstract: Abstract: The 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15) will take place in Kunming, Yunnan province in 2021. The conference will assess the implementation and progress of the Strategic Plan for Biological Diversity 2011-2020. Once agreement is reached, the conference will produce the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, which will become the latest core document to guide the global conservation of biological diversity after 2020. This conference represents a milestone in the international process of biodiversity conservation and provides an important opportunity for Yunnan to demonstrate its practice and achievements in the past years. Yunnan is the most abundantly biodiverse province in China, and it is one of the key areas of global significance of biodiversity. Yunnan has also put great effort into biodiversity conservation. Yunnan’s achievements include: the provincial Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (2012-2030) was one of the first issued in the country; became the first province to enact local legislation on biodiversity conservation; took the lead in the construction of national parks; carried out the evaluation of inventory of county-level biodiversity; and established the first national wildlife germplasm resource bank. Additional significant achievements have been made in in situ conservation, ex situ conservation, and major ecological protection projects. To provide basic information for biodiversity conservation in Yunnan, and local implementation examples for COP15, this study will assess the progress of biodiversity conservation of Yunnan, evaluate the conservation effects, consider future development directions, and explore the significance of biodiversity in Yunnan.