Biodiv Sci

   

Mammal Fauna and Biodiversity in Northeastern Taihang Mountains

Xiangli Bu1,Jing Wang1,Jiayi Wu1,Taifu Sun1,Rongwei Xiang1,Qingbin Lu2,Yinghong Hao3,Zhishu Xiao4,Shaopeng Cui5,Yan Sheng1,Xiuxiang Meng1   

  1. 1. School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China
    2. College of Animal Science and Technology, Zhejiang Agriculture & Forestry University
    3. Wenyuhe National Wetland Reserve
    4. Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    5. College of Forestry, Shanxi Agricultural University
  • Received:2020-03-05 Revised:2020-06-19 Online:2020-09-12 Published:2020-09-12
  • Contact: Xiuxiang Meng

Abstract: From July 1st to October 30th, 2019, the mammals in northeastern Taihang Mountains were investigated by the combination of line-transect survey and camera trap method, and the mammalian fauna were analyzed, the distribution patterns of mammals in Taihang and Yanshan area were compared by the biodiversity index as well. The results showed that, 68 species of mammals belonged to 7 orders and 22 families were found in the region, and the majority was Rodentia (24 species), while only one Primate (Macaca mulatta) was found. In this region, there were one species (leopard Panthera Pardus) listed as China's class I key wild protection mammals and 8 species, including Naemorhedus griseus, listed as class Ⅱ. The mammalian fauna in Taihang and Yanshan was similar with an average faunal resemblance (AFR) of 0.844, but the species in Taihang area (66) was more than that in Yanshan area (50), and the DF index (2.994± 0.251, n=13), DG index(2.443± 0.161, n=13) were slightly higher than those in Yanshan area (DF: 2.458± 0.170, DG: 2.259± 0.149, n=10) without significant differences (P>0.05), while DG-F index (0.145± 0.022, n=13) in Taihang was significant higher than that in Yanshan area (0.078± 0.014, n=10) (P<0.05), which indicates that the species composition in the two areas were the same in family and genus, but the species diversity of Taihang was higher than that of Yanshan area, and dominated by mammals in Palaearctic realm. Although there were 10 types of distribution in Taihang and Yanshan, the former’s proportion of species in Oriental realm (19.11%) was slightly higher than that in the Yanshan area (17.64%) due to its relatively lower latitude.

Key words: Northeastern Taihang Mountains, Mammal, Fauna, Biodiversity Index