Biodiv Sci ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 23326.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2023326

• Special Feature: Sino BON Tenth Anniversary • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Construction of Sino BON Mammal Diversity Monitoring Network (Sino BON- Mammal): A 10-year review and future outlook

Xiao Wenhong1(), Li Xueyou2(), Quan Ruichang3(), Lian Xinming4(), Li Ming5(), Nie Yonggang5, Xiang Zuofu6(), Yang Weikang7, Xu Feng7, Wang Jie8, Zhou Qihai9, Fan Pengfei10(), Yang Xifu1(), Liu Wei1, Sun Yuehua5, Zhang Libiao11, Huang Zhipang12, Huang Hua13, Fan Zongji14, Xiao Zhishu1,15,*()()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223
    3 Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303
    4 Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008
    5 Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    6 College of Forestry, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004
    7 State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011
    8 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
    9 Key Laboratory of Ecology of Rare and Endangered Species and Environmental Protection (Guangxi Normal University), Ministry of Education, Guilin, Guangxi 541004
    10 School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275
    11 Institute of Zoology, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510260
    12 Institute of Eastern-Himalaya Biodiversity Research, Dali University, Dali, Yunnan 671003
    13 Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201
    14 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
    15 College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2023-09-07 Accepted:2023-12-18 Online:2023-12-20 Published:2023-12-20
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Background & Aim: With high diversity, wide distribution, and close relationships with humans, mammals play an irreplaceable role in maintaining the stability and balance of ecosystems. China has some of the richest ecosystem and mammal diversity in the world. However, the status of wildlife resources in most of these ecosystems is still not well understood as many regions lack valid records or long-term monitoring data. With such rapid global change, the protection of mammals in China is facing significant challenges.

Review Results: Sino BON Mammal Diversity Monitoring Network (Sino BON-mammal) was started in 2011. Aligning the national strategic needs in the context of global biodiversity protection, Sino BON-mammal built a nationwide monitoring network covering a total of 55 sites and published more than 180 articles and books. Sino BON-mammal has generated approximately 7.75 million camera-trap images with a survey effort of over 1.56 million camera-days and promoted the establishment of a standardized technical system and a public data service platform for mammal diversity monitoring. Additionally, Sino BON-mammal conducted long-term monitoring and studies on mammal community composition, population dynamics, behavioral changes and driving factors, providing data and technological support for the protection of important wildlife resources and the control of pests in China. This paper systematically reviews the progress of Sino BON-mammal in monitoring and research methods, species discovery and inventory, behavior and physiology, population and community dynamics, interspecific relations, and conservation management.

Perspectives: It is necessary to integrate research disciplines and technology across multiple scales, dimensions, and trophic levels in the future. An integrated approach will enhance the scientific and technological support and services necessary to develop the comprehensive and profound understanding needed to maintain mammal biodiversity and coping with the global crisis of biodiversity loss.

Key words: mammal diversity observation network, species inventory, animal behavior, ecology, conservation and management