Biodiv Sci ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 123-128.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020073

• Forum • Previous Articles    

On implementation path of the strictest conservation policies in national park management

Yan Yan1, Fanglin Tang1,*(), Yongchen Tian2, Kun Jin3   

  1. 1 Plan and Research Center for National Park, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Kunming 650216
    2 China National Bamboo Research Center, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Hangzhou 310012
    3 Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091
  • Received:2020-05-13 Accepted:2020-09-30 Online:2021-01-20 Published:2020-10-10
  • Contact: Fanglin Tang

Abstract:

Background: As a new type of protected area, national parks are different from other protected areas in function and how they are protected and managed. Combination of these differences for the strictest conservation and management of national parks should be considered. Here, we analyze the background and reasons behind the strict conservation policies for national parks and discuss how to correctly understand their significance. The implementation path of the strictest conservation policy of national parks are shared here.
Aims: National parks are the most important type of the protected area in China. National parks belong to the forbidden development area, which are included in the national ecological redline, and are strictly conserved. Strict conservation of national parks is important, but has not been accurately understood in the theoretical research and specific management practices for national parks.
Suggestion: There are seven major aspects to the strict conservation policies of national parks, including improvement in the management system, improving the legal system guarantee, strengthening supervision and collaborative management, standardizing franchise management, improving social participation, strengthening education and training, which incorporate 23 specific management strategies. These management strategies include: implementing the vertical administration system, clarifying the power between central and local authorities and capital guarantee, establishing a scientific and perfect legal system, implementing comprehensive law enforcement and having strict law enforcement.

Key words: national park, strict conservation, implementation path