Biodiv Sci ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 271-277.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2014241

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Synergies between biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction in China

Lirong Zhang1,*(), Xiahui Wang1, Yilei Hou2, Cuihua Li1   

  1. 1 Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning of the State Environmental Protection Administration, Beijing 100012
    2 School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2014-11-17 Accepted:2015-03-26 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-04-09
  • Contact: Zhang Lirong


Biodiversity and poverty are not only globally important topics but also influence China’s standard of living, sustainable development, and goal of realizing a moderately prosperous society in all respects by 2020. In recent years, environmental protection and the relationship between regional biodiversity con- servation and poverty alleviation have garnered attention due to their influence on many aspects of society. This study analyzes the relationship between mutual influences (positive and negative) of biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction. The current macro policies of China are also systemically analyzed using SWOT method, providing clarification of the coordinated efforts of biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction. The SWOT method highlightes the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats along with future processes. Based on the analyses, a model is developed to promote synergistic effects of ecological migration, green capital driving, eco-tourism and green performance assessment. The approaches developed by this study are expected to promote mutual development of biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction in China.

Key words: biodiversity, poverty reduction, collaborative development, appoaches