Biodiv Sci ›› 2006, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (4): 345-351.  DOI: 10.1360/biodiv.060003

Special Issue: 土壤生物与土壤健康

• Editorial • Previous Articles     Next Articles

PCR-RFLP analysis of bacterial 16S rDNA from a typical garden soil in Taihu region

Qihui Teng1, Hui Cao1*, Zhongli Cui1,2, Ying Wang1, Bo Sun2, Hongtao Hao2, Shunpeng Li1   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Microbiological Engineering of Agricultural Environment, MOA, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095
    2 Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
  • Received:2006-01-04 Revised:2006-05-25 Online:2006-07-20 Published:2006-07-20
  • Contact: Hui Cao

Abstract: Soil microbial diversity provides basic function of a soil ecosystem. In this study, the total DNA of microorganisms was extracted by an indirect method from a typical garden soil of Taihu region, Jiangsu Province. The 16S rDNAs of the extracted DNA were amplified using bacterial universal primers 27F and 1492R. PCR products were ligated into the pMD 18-T Vector and transformed into Escherichia coli DH5α to construct a 16S rDNA clone library of the soil microbes. A total of 173 clones from the library were screened and their 16S rDNA fragments were reamplified. The PCR products were digested by Rsa I and Hha I, re-spectively, and their fingerprints were analyzed. The results indicated that the library includes 63 Hha I and Rsa I restriction endonuclease types and the coverage (C value) of the clone library is 76.30%. The number of genotypes digested either by Hha I or Rsa I is only 40 and 27 although it has a high coverage. There were two main restriction types accounting for 16% and 12% of the total 16S rDNA clones, respectively. Phy-logenetic analysis suggests that the dominant bacteria in this garden soil belong to α-proteobacteria and γ-proteobacteria.

Key words: Three Gorges Project, biodiversity, nature reserve, artificial breeding and stocking, ecological and environmental monitoring network