生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 543-549.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2015028

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生物多样性和生态系统服务政府间科学-政策平台2014-2018年工作方案解析

田瑜, 李俊生*(), 兰存子, 李秀山   

  1. 中国环境科学研究院生物多样性研究中心, 北京 100012
  • 收稿日期:2015-02-03 接受日期:2015-03-20 出版日期:2015-07-20 发布日期:2015-08-03
  • 通讯作者: 李俊生
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31300458)和环保公益性行业科研专项(201209028)

Interpretation of the work programme of Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for the period 2014-2018

Yu Tian, Junsheng Li*(), Cunzi Lan, Xiushan Li   

  1. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
  • Received:2015-02-03 Accepted:2015-03-20 Online:2015-07-20 Published:2015-08-03
  • Contact: Li Junsheng

摘要:

生物多样性和生态系统服务政府间科学-政策平台(Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, IPBES)是在联合国环境规划署推动下成立的第一个生物多样性保护领域科学界和决策者之间的沟通平台, 目的在于推动全球生物多样性保护和生态系统服务。IPBES第二届全体会议(2013年12月, 土耳其安塔利亚)上通过的2014-2018年工作方案, 是IPBES成立以来的第一个工作计划。本文介绍了该工作方案框架和4个主要目标, 包括开展全球范围的多尺度生物多样性和生态系统服务综合评估, 开展一系列专题和方法评估, 开展能力建设, 以及评估成果的发布。并根据第三届全体会议(2015年1月, 德国波恩)上细化的工作方案内容, 详细介绍了各项目标的组成、交付成果及时间安排。IPBES通过2014年的实践, 开展了传粉和粮食生产和政策情景模拟工具等专题的评估, 确定了区域尺度综合评估和土地退化和恢复等专题的评估范围。作为生物多样性领域首个政府间、跨学科、跨领域、涉及多公约的平台, IPBES将成为各国在生物多样性领域对话和博弈, 以及争取本国利益最大化的平台, 有利于我国相关知识和信息系统的规范与整合。为此, 作者建议我国广泛参与IPBES工作, 加强国内评估能力建设, 包括加强国际沟通和国内协作, 促进基础学科建设, 鼓励专家和公众参与等。

关键词: IPBES, 生物多样性, 生态系统服务, 评估, 交付成果

Abstract

Promoted by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) was established as the first communication platform between scientists and decision makers in the field of biodiversity conservation for improving global biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services. As the first work programme of IPBES, the programme for the period 2014-2018 reached a consensus on the platform at the 2nd Plenary Session (held December 2013 in Antalya, Turkey). In this paper, we introduce the framework and its 4 objectives, including assessments of biodiversity and ecosystem services around the world using a multiple-scale method, series thematic and methods assessments, capacity building, and identification of deliverables. We also present a detailed description of the elements, deliverables and time arrangements of the work programme’s objectives according to the material discussed during the platform’s 3rd Plenary Session (held January 2015 in Bonn, Germany). In 2014 (one year into the program), the thematic assessment of pollination and food production and the policy support tools for scenario analysis were launched and the scope of synthesis assessment of regions and thematic assessment of land degradation and restoration were defined. As the first intergovernmental, interdisciplinary, cross-domain, and multi-convention platform in the field of biodiversity, IPBES will become an international dialogue and platform in the field of biodiversity, and also a platform for national benefit maximization. It requires the standardization and integration of China's relevant knowledge and information system. To work with the programme, it is suggested China extensively participate in the implementation to strengthen capacity, including enhancing international communicational and internal cooperation, improving basic discipline construction, and encouraging experts and public participation.

Key words: IPBES, biodiversity, ecosystem services, assessment, deliverables