生物多样性 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 640-648.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.13240

所属专题: 海洋生物多样性

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珊瑚藻类对南麂列岛潮间带底栖生物群落多样性的影响

汤雁滨1, 廖一波1, 寿鹿1, 曾江宁1,*(), 高爱根1, 陈全震1, 孙庆海2   

  1. 1 国家海洋局海洋生态系统与生物地球化学重点实验室, 国家海洋局第二海洋研究所, 杭州 310012
    2 温州海虎海藻养殖有限公司, 浙江温州 325401
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-12 接受日期:2014-07-15 出版日期:2014-09-20 发布日期:2014-10-09
  • 通讯作者: 曾江宁
  • 基金资助:
    国家“973”项目(2010CB428903);海洋公益性行业科研专项(201305009, 201305043-3, 200905011-2);浙江省海洋环保项目“温州海域大型海藻专项调查与藻类资源恢复示范”(WZHX201210116)

Influence of coralline algae on biodiversity of macrobenthic community in intertidal zone of Nanji Islands

Yanbin Tang1, Yibo Liao1, Lu Shou1, Jiangning Zeng1,*(), Aigen Gao1, Quanzhen Chen1, Qinghai Sun2   

  1. 1 Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem and Biogeochemistry, The Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012
    2 Wenzhou Seatiger Seaweed Cultivation Co., Ltd., Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325401
  • Received:2013-11-12 Accepted:2014-07-15 Online:2014-09-20 Published:2014-10-09
  • Contact: Zeng Jiangning

摘要:

为了解南麂列岛潮间带珊瑚藻类对于其他大型藻类和底栖动物的影响, 在南麂列岛国家级海洋自然保护区布设了4条潮间带断面, 于2012年5月至2013年2月对其生物状况进行了逐季调查, 分别分析了中低潮区大型藻类、非珊瑚藻大型藻类、底栖动物的物种多样性和均匀度, 并计算了大型底栖动物的功能多样性指数Rao's Q。主要结果如下: (1)共采集和鉴定出大型藻类52种, 其中珊瑚藻科藻类有5种; (2)珊瑚藻类在高潮区没有分布, 在中低潮区均占据优势, 占潮间带藻类生物量的68.9%。四季中低潮区大型藻类的Shannon-Wiener多样性指数范围为1.638-4.044, 非珊瑚藻大型藻类的多样性指数范围为1.495-3.809, 底栖动物为5.289-6.917; 大型藻类的Pielou均匀度指数范围为0.819-0.971, 非珊瑚藻大型藻类的均匀度指数范围为0.830-0.973, 底栖动物为0.967-0.988; (3)大型藻类物种多样性和均匀度指数的降低与珊瑚藻类优势度的增加相关, 但珊瑚藻类优势度与底栖动物物种多样性指数、均匀度指数和功能多样性指数均没有显著相关性; (4)底栖动物功能多样性与珊瑚藻类优势度均呈低潮区高于中潮区的变化规律, 但相关性分析表明两者间并无直接联系。推测珊瑚藻类通过竞争占据了其他藻类的生存空间, 从而降低了南麂列岛潮间带大型藻类的物种多样性和均匀度。底栖动物则因其自身生活特点而使得珊瑚藻类的扩张未能影响其多样性水平。

关键词: 大型藻类, 底栖动物, 物种多样性, 功能多样性

Abstract

With an aim of describing the influence of coralline algae on other macroalgae and benthic invertebrates in the intertidal zone of the Nanji Islands, an investigation of such organism assemblages was conducted in the Nanji Archipelago Marine Nature Reserve between May 2012 and February 2013. Shannon-Wiener index and Pielou's evenness indices were calculated for macroalgae (including coralline algae), non-Corallinaceae macroalgae (excluding coralline algae) and benthic invertebrates. In addition, the functional diversity of the benthic community was estimated using Rao's Q. Our results are as follows: (1) A total of 52 species of macroalgae belonging to 3 phyla, 3 classes, 16 orders, 21 families and 41 genera were found; 5 species among them belonged to coralline algae; (2) The dominance of coralline algae has reached a high level in the intertidal zone of the Nanji Islands except in the high tidal zone where relatively few macroalgae exist. The biomass of coralline alga accounted for 68.9% of the total algae biomass. Shannon-Wiener indices of macroalgae diversity varied from 1.638-4.044, and non-Corallinaceae macroalgae varied from 1.495- 3.809, while benthic invertebrates’ varied from 5.2890-6.917. Pielou’s evenness of macroalgae communities varied from 0.819-0.971, and non-Corallinaceae macroalgae varied from 0.930-0.973; benthic invertebrates ranged from 0.967 to 0.988; (3) Regression analyses between dominance of coralline algae and Shannon-Wiener and Pielou's evenness indices of macroalgae communities suggested that coralline algae may be reducing the species diversity of macroalgae. The result of correlation analysis between dominance of coralline algae and Shannon-Wiener index, Pielou's evenness of benthic invertebrates showed no significant correlation. (4) The dominance of coralline algae and Rao's Q of benthic invertebrates in low tidal zone were both higher than those in middle tidal zone, but the correlation analysis showed no significant correlation between them. Based on our results, we concluded that: well-adapted coralline algae species may have reduced the species diversity of other macroalgae in these systems via interspecific competition; meanwhile, the benthic invertebrates, perhaps because of their higher dispersal abilities and more diverse life histories relative to macroalgae, were not affected in terms of species or functional diversity by coralline algae.

Key words: macroalgae, benthic invertebrates, species diversity, functional diversity