生物多样性 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 688-692.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020250

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IPBES工作效率和科学职能的有效性分析

戴逢斌, 吴杨, 潘玉雪, 张博雅, 田瑜*()   

  1. 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-22 接受日期:2020-10-09 出版日期:2021-05-20 发布日期:2021-01-13
  • 通讯作者: 田瑜
  • 作者简介:* E-mail: tianyu@craes.org.cn
  • 基金资助:
    生态环境部生物多样性保护专项(22110404001)

Work efficiency of IPBES and the effectiveness of scientific functions

Fengbin Dai, Yang Wu, Yuxue Pan, Boya Zhang, Yu Tian*()   

  1. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
  • Received:2020-06-22 Accepted:2020-10-09 Online:2021-05-20 Published:2021-01-13
  • Contact: Yu Tian

摘要:

IPBES第一轮工作方案受到国际社会的广泛关注, 奠定了其作为第一个生物多样性领域政府间机制的重要地位。IPBES自成立以来相继发布了系列评估报告和决策者摘要, 引起了国际社会广泛关注, 因此, 其公平性、公正性、科学性和透明性始终为各界关注的焦点, 直接决定着IPBES评估报告的可信度和未来的发展。为有效提升工作效率, 提高其成果的科学性, IPBES通过定期开展内部和外部审查, 发现问题, 优化机构设置, 从而指导未来工作计划。本文以IPBES定期开展的审查以及现有工作机制为基础, 针对IPBES的工作效率和科学职能进行分析, 从根本上认识其地位和性质, 分析其机构设置的优势和存在的问题, 以及工作职能的发挥潜力, 针对存在的问题提出建议。并根据我国情况, 提出相关工作建议。总体来讲, IPBES在完善组织机构和规则程序, 推动产生新知识、财务资源有效管理等方面均取得了显著进展, 但在透明度、科学与政策衔接、学科和地域平衡, 以及政策支持方面存在一定不足, 在发挥成员国积极性和能力方面存在欠缺。为此, 建议IPBES未来能够更进一步发挥其特殊的政府间地位和作用, 促进科学职能的发挥, 特别是加强科学和政策的互动, 推动多利益攸关方参与, 形成稳定的财务制度并提升工作机制的透明度。同时, 建议加强对IPBES评估报告在国内的解读, 加大国内宣传力度, 并加强多学科的专家遴选, 弥补研究领域的国内空缺。

关键词: 生物多样性, 生态系统服务, 审查, 职能, IPBES

Abstract

Background: The first work programme of IPBES has received extensive attention from the international community, laying down its important role as the first intergovernmental mechanism in the field of biodiversity. Since its establishment, IPBES has successively released a series of assessment reports and summary for policymakers, which have attracted widespread attention from the international community. Therefore, its fairness, impartiality, scientificity and transparency have always been the focus of attention from all walks of life, and directly determine the credibility and future development of IPBES assessment report. In order to effectively improve the scientificity and efficiency of IPBES deliverables, IPBES conducts internal and external reviews regularly to identify problems, optimize institutional settings, and guide future work plans.
Problems: IPBES has made significant progress in improving its organizational structure, rules and procedures, promoting the generation of new knowledge, and the effective management of financial resources. However, there are certain shortcomings in transparency, science and policy linkage, discipline and geographical balance, and policy support. And there are deficiencies in stimulating the enthusiasm and capacity of member states.
Recommendations: To further exert IPBES’s special intergovernmental status and role in the future to promote scientific functions, especially to strengthen the interaction between science and policy, it is needed for IPBES to promote multi-stakeholder participation, to form a stable financial system, and to enhance the transparency of its working mechanisms. As to China, it is suggested to strengthen the domestic interpretation of the IPBES assessment report, increase publicity, and strengthen the selection of multidisciplinary experts to fill up the domestic vacancies in the research field.

Key words: biodiversity, ecosystem services, reviews, functions, IPBES