生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (12): 1533-1545.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020208

• 黄河流域生物多样性保护专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物入侵对黄河流域生态系统的影响及对策

殷万东*(), 吴明可, 田宝良, 于宏伟, 王麒云, 丁建清   

  1. 河南大学生命科学学院作物逆境适应与改良国家重点实验室, 河南开封 475004
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-20 接受日期:2020-11-02 出版日期:2020-12-20 发布日期:2020-11-19
  • 通讯作者: 殷万东
  • 作者简介: : E-mail: wojiaowandong1@163.com
    第一联系人:

    # 共同第一作者 Co-first authors

  • 基金资助:
    河南省重大公益专项——黄河中下游滩涂生态保护关键技术体系研究(201300311300);河南省高等学校重点科研项目(20A180008)

Effects of bio-invasion on the Yellow River basin ecosystem and its countermeasures

Wandong Yin*(), Mingke Wu, Baoliang Tian, Hongwei Yu, Qiyun Wang, Jianqing Ding   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Adaptation and Improvement, School of Life Sciences, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475004
  • Received:2020-05-20 Accepted:2020-11-02 Online:2020-12-20 Published:2020-11-19
  • Contact: Wandong Yin

摘要:

黄河流域健康的生态系统是沿黄地区生态保护和高质量发展的核心。然而, 随着经济高速发展和人类活动增加, 大量的外来生物传入并占据黄河流域生态位。这些外来生物在黄河流域的大肆扩繁给黄河流域本土生物和生态系统带来了严重威胁, 甚至严重影响人类健康。因此, 研究黄河流域的外来生物入侵问题, 并提出保护对策, 对于黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展具有重大意义。本文主要从黄河流经九省区(包含黄河流域)外来入侵生物的传入特征、传播途径、种群动态、成灾机制以及入侵生物对黄河流域重要生物资源和生态系统的影响等方面进行综述, 并提出了防控黄河流域生物入侵、保护黄河流域健康的生态系统的措施和对策。

关键词: 黄河流域, 黄河九省区, 生物入侵, 生态系统, 生物多样性

Abstract:

A healthy ecosystem in the Yellow River basin is central to ecological protection and high-quality development along the Yellow River region. However, the rapid development in the economy and increase in human activity has resulted in a large number of invasive species being introduced into the Yellow River basin and occupying native species ecological niches. The outbreak and spread of invasive species pose a serious threat to native organisms and ecosystems in the Yellow River basin and can even seriously affect human health. Therefore, it is important for the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River basin to study the invasion of alien species in the Yellow River basin and to put forward strategies for the protection of native species. Here, we review the bio-invasion characteristics, transmission approaches and mechanisms in the nine provinces of Yellow River basin, and the effects of bio-invasion on the biological resources and ecological system in the Yellow River basin. We then suggest measures and countermeasures to reduce current effects of bio-invasion, protect the Yellow River healthy ecosystems, and ensure high-quality development.

Key words: Yellow River basin, nine provinces and regions along the Yellow River, biological invasion, ecosystem, biological diversity