生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (12): 0-0.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020208

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生物入侵对黄河流域生态系统的影响及对策

殷万东1,吴明可1,田宝良1,于宏伟1,王麒云1,丁建清1   

  1. 1. 河南大学生命科学学院

  • 收稿日期:2020-05-20 修回日期:2020-10-26 出版日期:2020-12-20 发布日期:2020-11-19
  • 通讯作者: 殷万东

Effects of bio-invasion on ecosystem of Yellow River basin and its countermeasures

Wandong Yin1,Mingke Wu1,baoliang Tian1,hongwei Yu1,Qiyun Wang1,Jianqing Ding1   

  1. 1. School of Life Sciences, Henan University

  • Received:2020-05-20 Revised:2020-10-26 Online:2020-12-20 Published:2020-11-19
  • Contact: Wandong Yin

摘要: 黄河流域健康的生态系统是沿黄地区生态保护和高质量发展的核心。然而,随着经济高速发展和人类活动增加,大量的外来生物传入并占据黄河流域生态位。这些外来生物在黄河流域的大肆扩繁对黄河流域本土生物和生态系统带来了严重威胁,甚至严重影响人类健康。因此,研究黄河流域的外来生物入侵问题,并提出保护对策,对于黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展具有重大意义。本文主要从黄河流经九省区(包含黄河流域)外来入侵生物的传入特征、传播途径、种群动态、成灾机制以及入侵生物对黄河流域重要生物资源和生态系统的影响等方面进行综述,并提出了防控黄河流域生物入侵,保护黄河流域健康的生态系统的技术措施和对策。

关键词: 黄河流域, 黄河九省区, 生物入侵, 生态系统, 生物多样性

Abstract: A healthy ecosystem in the Yellow River basin is the core of ecological protection and high-quality development along the Yellow River region. With the rapid development of economy and the intensification of human activities, however, a large number of alien species have been introduced into and occupied the ecological niche of the Yellow River basin. The outbreaks and spreads of alien species poses a serious threat to native organisms and ecosystems in the Yellow River basin and even seriously affect human health. Therefore, it is of great significance for the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River basin to study the invasion of alien species in the Yellow River basin and put forward protection strategies. In this study we reviewed the bio-invasion characteristics, transmission approaches and mechanism in the nine provinces of Yellow River basin, and effects of bio-invasion on biological resources and the ecological system in the Yellow River basin. We then put forward the technical measures and countermeasures to reduce the adverse effects of bio-invasion and protect the Yellow River healthy ecosystems and high-quality development.

Key words: Yellow River basin, nine provinces and regions along the Yellow River, biological invasion, ecosystem, biological diversity