生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1081-1089.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019292

• 中国野生动物红外相机监测网络专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然保护区生物标本资源共享子平台红外相机数据库建设进展

李佳1#, 王秀磊1#, 杨明伟2, 陈大祥2, 王晓菊3, 罗平4, 刘芳1, 薛亚东1, 李广良1, 张于光1, 张宇1, 李迪强1,*()   

  1. 1 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所, 北京 100091
    2 云南铜壁关省级自然保护区管护局, 云南德宏 678400
    3 神农架国家公园管理局科学研究院, 湖北神农架 442121
    4 重庆武隆白马山省级自然保护区管理处, 重庆 408500
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-17 接受日期:2020-07-20 出版日期:2020-09-20 发布日期:2020-10-22
  • 通讯作者: 李迪强
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: lidiq@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    自然保护区生物标本资源共享子平台项目(2005DKA21404)

Construction progress of camera-trapping database from the Nature Reserves Biological Specimen Resources Sharing Sub-platform

Jia Li1#, Xiulei Wang1#, Mingwei Yang2, Daxiang Chen2, Xiaoju Wang3, Ping Luo4, Fang Liu1, Yadong Xue1, Guangliang Li1, Yuguang Zhang1, Yu Zhang1, Diqiang Li1,*()   

  1. 1 Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091
    2 Yunnan Tongbiguan Bureau of Provincial Nature Reserve, Dehong, Yunnan 678400
    3 Scientific Research Institute of Shennongjia National Park Administration, Shennongjia, Hubei 442121
    4 Chongqing Wulong Baimashan Bureau of Provincial Nature Reserve, Chongqing 408500
  • Received:2019-09-17 Accepted:2020-07-20 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-10-22
  • Contact: Diqiang Li
  • About author:First author contact: Co-first author

摘要:

红外相机技术在野生动物调查研究中得到广泛应用, 其发展和普及为中国自然保护地生物多样性保护带来了诸多机会。为进一步推广该技术在我国自然保护地野生动物监测中的应用, 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所在自然保护区生物标本资源共享子平台增设野生动物红外相机数据库专栏, 并通过门户网站“中国自然保护区生物标本资源共享平台” (http://www.papc.cn/)对外发布, 向公众开放, 可以随时查阅、下载信息。本文重点介绍了该平台的野生动物红外相机数据库建设进展, 包括所监测的自然保护区、监测方案、数据规范存储、标准化分析、成果介绍、工作计划等内容。2010-2019年间, 该平台使用红外相机调查技术在全国13个不同类型的保护地开展兽类和鸟类资源调查, 累计27.25万个有效工作日, 共拍摄到8.41万张独立图像, 经鉴定有80种野生兽类和200种野生鸟类, 并利用这些数据对野生动物行为、稀有物种探测、人为干扰, 以及气候变化影响等方面进行研究, 取得了重要的阶段性成果。下一步, 子平台牵头单位将筹建自然保护地红外相机数据共享平台, 制定红外相机调查设计、监测技术、数据格式等统一标准化方案, 逐步完善我国自然保护地野生动物红外相机监测网络。

关键词: 红外相机技术, 野生动物监测, 物种名录, 自然保护地, 数据共享

Abstract:

Infrared-triggered camera-trapping has been widely used for wildlife research. The development of this technology has helped facilitate contemporary biodiversity research and helped with conservation efforts in China. To promote the application of infrared-triggered camera-trapping in wildlife monitoring and research in China, the Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry added a wildlife camera-trapping database in Nature Reserves Biological Specimen Resources Sharing Sub-platform, that is publicly available at the website of http://www.papc.cn/. This paper briefly introduces the sub-platform by summarizing field areas being monitored, the monitoring program, how data is stored and analyzed, an introduction of achievements accomplished, and a summary of the next work plan. From 2010 to 2019, the sub-platform used infrared camera technology to investigate the diversity of mammals and birds in 13 different protected areas in China. This included 272,500 camera days 84,100 independent photographs, and the identification of 80 mammals species and 200 bird species. These recordings helped with animal behavior research, detection of rare species, understanding the effects of human disturbance and climate change, as well as with research in other fields. The next steps will be for the sub-platform to set up the sharing platform of camera-trapping database for nature protected areas, formulate unified and standardized plans for infrared camera survey design, monitor technology and data format, and work on gradually improving the infrared camera monitoring network for wildlife in China’s protected areas.

Key words: camera trapping, wildlife monitoring, species list, nature protected area, data sharing