生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (7): 876-888.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019259

• 罗霄山脉生物多样性专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

罗霄山脉翼手目物种多样性及适生区预测

胡宜峰1, 王晓云1, 邓学建2, 吴华3, 黄正澜懿1, 岳阳1, 黎舫1, 张秋萍1, 郭伟健1, 李锋1, 陈柏承1, 徐忠鲜1, 周全1, 余文华1,*(), 吴毅1,*()   

  1. 1 广州大学生命科学学院, 广州 510006
    2 湖南师范大学生命科学学院, 长沙 410081
    3 华中师范大学生命科学学院, 武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-03 接受日期:2020-09-11 出版日期:2020-07-20 发布日期:2020-09-29
  • 通讯作者: 余文华,吴毅
  • 作者简介:wuyizhouq@263.net
    * E-mail: wenhua_yu@gzhu.edu.cn;
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31672258);国家自然科学基金(31670381);国家自然科学基金(31970394);国家自然科学基金国际合作重大项目(31110103910);国家科技基础性工作专项(2013 FY111500);广州大学青年拔尖人才培养计划项目(BJ201707)

Species diversity and suitable habitat prediction of Chiroptera in the Luoxiao Mountains

Yifeng Hu1, Xiaoyun Wang1, Xuejian Deng2, Hua Wu3, Zhenglanyi Huang1, Yang Yue1, Fang Li1, Qiuping Zhang1, Weijian Guo1, Feng Li1, Bocheng Chen1, Zhongxian Xu1, Quan Zhou1, Wenhua Yu1,*(), Yi Wu1,*()   

  1. 1 School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006
    2 School of Life Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081
    3 School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079
  • Received:2020-06-03 Accepted:2020-09-11 Online:2020-07-20 Published:2020-09-29
  • Contact: Wenhua Yu,Yi Wu

摘要:

罗霄山脉位于中国大陆东南部, 是一条南北走向的大型山脉, 面积约6.76万km2。该山脉位于欧亚大陆东部季风区, 生物多样性丰富, 是亚洲东部第三纪冰期动物重要的避难所。为了解罗霄山脉翼手目物种多样性状况, 本研究组于2013-2018年, 使用雾网、手网和竖琴网等工具开展了针对性调查与标本采集, 同时运用形态分类学和分子系统发生学方法鉴定物种。根据调查结果并结合文献记载: 罗霄山脉地区现有翼手目物种4科14属40种, 其中罗霄山脉翼手目新记录种25种, 省级翼手目分布新记录种9种。同时, 本研究基于5年的调查采集位点, 使用生物多样 性与气候变化虚拟实验室(the Biodiversity & Climate Change Virtual Laboratory)在线生境预测平台, 对罗霄山脉翼手目物种当前的适生区, 以及3种不同量温室气体排放情景下(representative concentration pathway, RCP 2.6 / 6.0 / 8.5) 2050年的适生区进行预测, 其中随机森林算法(random forest)的模型解释力较优, 其预测结果显示: 影响该区域翼手目分布的主要环境因子为降水季节性和年平均温度; 山脉中部及南部为翼手目的高适生区, 面积约为罗霄山脉的30%; 与当前适生区相比, RCP 2.6情景下2050年该类群适生区有所扩增, RCP 6.0和RCP 8.5情景下均会导致翼手目适生区急剧缩减, 且分布区将迁移至高海拔区域以响应气候变化。而本项目的开展不仅初步掌握了罗霄山脉翼手目物种多样性本底状况, 也为开展后续的翼手目研究和保护管理提供了参考。

关键词: 翼手目(蝙蝠), 罗霄山脉, 物种多样性, 生境预测

Abstract:

The Luoxiao Mountains are a main chain of north-south mountains in southeast China, covering approximately 67,600 km2. It is considered a biodiversity hot spot that served as glacial refuge during the Tertiary period for eastern Eurasia. Starting in 2013, we investigated chiropteran diversity in the Luoxiao Mountains by conducting five-year surveys using mist nets, hand nets and harp traps. We identified 40 chiropteran species belonging to 4 families, 14 genera through morphological examination, phylogenetic inference, comparing to species identification from the literatures. Of the species we identified, 25 are primarily found in the region, and 9 belong to new provincial records. Current and potential future distribution area for bats was predicted based on all occurrence coordinates using the online platform “the Biodiversity & Climate Change Virtual Laboratory”. The random forest algorithm performed better than all other methods, and further indicates that precipitation seasonality and annual mean temperature contribute the most in models. Additionally, we found that the central and southern region (about 30% of the Luoxiao Mountains area) are hot spots for bats. The future distribution prediction for 2050 illustrates a trend of range expansion under the lowest greenhouse gas emissions conditions (RCP 2.6). Nevertheless, suitable habitats for bats will dramatically contract and transfer to higher regions under RCP 6.0 and RCP 8.5. We hope this study benefits future research, conservation and management for chiropteran in the Luoxiao Mountains.

Key words: Chiroptera (bats), Luoxiao Mountains, species diversity, habitat prediction