生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 271-277.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2014241

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我国生物多样性保护与减贫协同发展模式探索

张丽荣1,*(), 王夏晖1, 侯一蕾2, 李翠华1   

  1. 1 环境保护部环境规划院, 北京 100012
    2 北京林业大学经济管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2014-11-17 接受日期:2015-03-26 出版日期:2015-03-20 发布日期:2015-04-09
  • 通讯作者: 张丽荣
  • 基金资助:
    财政扶贫资金绩效考核项目

Synergies between biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction in China

Lirong Zhang1,*(), Xiahui Wang1, Yilei Hou2, Cuihua Li1   

  1. 1 Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning of the State Environmental Protection Administration, Beijing 100012
    2 School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2014-11-17 Accepted:2015-03-26 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-04-09
  • Contact: Zhang Lirong

摘要:

生物多样性和贫困是全球关注的热点论题, 生物多样性保护与减贫是关乎我国可持续发展、人民生活水平提高和2020年能否全面实现小康社会的重要问题。近年来, 生态环境保护特别是生物多样性保护与贫困地区区域整体协调发展越来越受到社会各界的关注。本文对我国生物多样性保护与减贫的积极和消极影响关系进行了梳理和分析, 采用态势分析法对我国现行的生物多样性保护与减贫的宏观政策在未来二者协同发展过程中的优势、劣势、机会和威胁进行了深入探讨。并在此基础上对以生物多样性可持续利用为核心的保护与减贫协调发展的途径进行了探索, 提出了促进二者协同发展的生态移民、绿色资本带动、生态旅游、绿色考评等模式, 以期对我国推进生物多样性保护与减贫协同发展提供借鉴。

关键词: 生物多样性, 减贫, 协同, 发展, 模式

Abstract

Biodiversity and poverty are not only globally important topics but also influence China’s standard of living, sustainable development, and goal of realizing a moderately prosperous society in all respects by 2020. In recent years, environmental protection and the relationship between regional biodiversity con- servation and poverty alleviation have garnered attention due to their influence on many aspects of society. This study analyzes the relationship between mutual influences (positive and negative) of biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction. The current macro policies of China are also systemically analyzed using SWOT method, providing clarification of the coordinated efforts of biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction. The SWOT method highlightes the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats along with future processes. Based on the analyses, a model is developed to promote synergistic effects of ecological migration, green capital driving, eco-tourism and green performance assessment. The approaches developed by this study are expected to promote mutual development of biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction in China.

Key words: biodiversity, poverty reduction, collaborative development, appoaches