Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (8): 896-906.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016111

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Demersal nekton community structure of artificial reef zones in Laoshan Bay, Qingdao

Hongyan Liu, Chaojie Yang, Peidong Zhang, Wentao Li, Xiaolong Yang, Xiumei Zhang*()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Mariculture, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong 266003
  • Received:2016-04-25 Accepted:2016-07-19 Online:2016-09-02
  • Zhang Xiumei E-mail:gaozhang@ouc.edu.cn

A field survey of the artificial reef and the control zones in Laoshan Bay, Shandong Province was performed from May 2015 to January 2016. We analyzed the community structure and biodiversity of demersal nekton by using Margalef’s species richness index, Shannon-Wiener diversity index, Pielou’s evenness index, abundance-biomass comparison curves, clustering analysis, SIMPER (similarity percentage) analysis, and Non-metric Multi Dimensional Scaling (NMDS). A total number of 61 species of nekton belonging to 34 families were captured during the surveys, including 36 species of fish, 22 species of crustaceans and 3 species of cephalopods. Charybdis japonica, Sebastes schlegelii, Hexagrammus otakii, H. agrammus and Conger myriaster were the dominant species, of which C. japonica and S. schlegelii were the dominant species by weight (26.91% and 26.74%, respectively). The highest monthly mean catch per unit effort (CPUE) in the investigated zones appeared in May 2015, and reached up to 735.74 g· net-1·d-1. It was noted that the diversity indices were higher in July and August, but there were no significant differences in community structure parameters between the artificial reef and the control zones (P>0.05). The abundance-biomass curves (ABC) of the nekton community indicated that the community was seriously disturbed in May and June 2015, but was stable by November 2015 and January 2016. Cluster analysis showed that similarities were high in different months and different zones, except January 2016, and the highest similarity appeared in the artificial reef of the Sanmuqian zone between May and June 2015, when it reached 86.21%.

Key words: artificial reef, nekton community structure, diversity, abundance-biomass comparison curves, Laoshan Bay

Fig. 1

Sampling stations for the nekton investigation in the artificial reef zones and the control zones in Laoshan Bay"

Table 1

Environmental conditions of bottom water of the artificial reef zones in Laoshan Bay"

环境变量
Environment
variable
1月
Jan.
5月
May
6月
Jun.
7月
Jul.
8月
Aug.
9月
Sept.
10月
Oct.
11月
Nov.
水温
Temperature (℃)
4.57 ± 0.12a 11.93 ± 0.23b 14.09 ± 0.08c 22.68 ± 0.51d 25.84 ± 0.11e 24.70 ± 0.06f 20.30 ± 0.15g 14.09 ± 0.05c
溶解氧含量
DO (mg/L)
8.33 ± 1.45a 9.18 ± 0.78ab 7.89 ± 0.84b 6.04 ± 0.33c 4.22 ± 0.43d 4.67 ± 0.03de 6.71 ± 0.05c 5.78 ± 0.02dce
盐度 Salinity 31.29 ± 0.20a 31.87 ± 0.06b 31.19 ± 0.07b 30.96 ± 0.03c 30.86 ± 0.04c 30.99 ± 0.03c 31.16 ± 0.03b 30.51 ± 0.15d
pH 7.80 ± 0.12a 7.70 ± 0.03b 7.85 ± 0.05c 7.59 ± 0.03a 7.77 ± 0.08b 7.73 ± 0.04b 7.70 ± 0.03ab 7.89 ± 0.07d

Fig. 2

Variation in mean catch per unit fishing effort"

Table 2

Index of relative importance (IRI) of the main nektons in Laoshan Bay from May 2015 to January 2016 (“- ” means not catch)"

种类
Species
5月
May
6月
Jun.
7月
Jul.
8月
Aug.
9月
Sept.
10月
Oct.
11月
Nov.
1月
Jan.
许氏平鲉 Sebastes schlegelii 4,665 2,671 1,829 847 2,413 2,935 10,485 7,963
日本蟳 Charybdis japonica 2,045 2,161 7,852 8,158 7,728 9,420 2,386 189
大泷六线鱼 Hexagrammus otakii 5,288 6,303 1,794 734 1,522 1,467 1,406 2,065
斑头鱼 Hexagrammus agrammus 1,601 3,168 75 530 350 518 1,065 339
星康吉鳗 Conger myriaster 394 134 1,372 807 1,290 1,103 747 13
寄居蟹科 Paguridae 1,045 1,206 2,496 1,957 24 46 - 642
褐菖鲉 Sebastiscus mamoratus 27 93 31 138 871 2,087 1,567 199
朝鲜平鲉 Sebastes koreanus 691 616 30 10 330 359 225 47
长蛸 Octopus variabilis 616 69 45 - 159 683 95 191
厚头平鲉 Sebastes pachycephalus 281 328 - 17 69 195 154 79
口虾蛄 Oratosquilla oratoria 23 34 398 418 1,041 188 158 -
敖氏长臂虾 Palaemon ortmanni 53 32 19 150 47 225 61 -
繸鳚 Chirolophis japonicus 167 4 - - - - - 23
方氏云鳚 Pholis fangi 4 2 - - 33 25 503 -
花鲈 Lateolabrax maculatus - - 10 - 588 117 787 -
强壮菱蟹 Parthenope validus - - 49 185 518 - - -
三疣梭子蟹 Portunus trituberculatus - - - 5 1,107 - 31 -
黄姑鱼 Nibea albiflora - - - 40 519 34 - -
银姑鱼 Pennahia argentata - - - - 205 - - -
褐牙鲆 Paralichthys olivaceus - - 16 4 436 - - -

Fig. 3

Abundance-biomass comparison curves of nektons in Laoshan Bay from May 2015 to January 2016"

Fig. 4

Seasonal variations in the diversity of nekton community of different zones in Laoshan Bay"

Fig. 5

The cluster analysis of the nekton community in different months and different zones in Laoshan Bay. Digits indicate the month, and letters indicate zones."

Fig. 6

NMDS analysis of the nekton community in different months and different zones in Laoshan Bay. Digits indicate the month, and letters indicate zones."

[1] Agard JBR, Gobin J, Warwick RM (1993) Analysis of marine macrobenthic community structure in relation to pollution, natural oil seepage and seasonal disturbance in a tropical environment (Trinidad, West Indies). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 92, 233-243.
[2] Bray JR, Curtis JT (1957) An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin. Ecological Monographs, 27, 325-349.
[3] Chen Y, Yu CQ, Zhang GS, Zhang S (2002) The environment function and fish gather effect of artificial reefs. Journal of Dalian Fisheries University, 17, 64-69. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[陈勇, 于长清, 张国胜, 张硕 (2002) 人工鱼礁的环境功能与集鱼效果. 大连水产学院学报, 17, 64-69.]
[4] Cheng QT, Zheng BS (1987) Systematic Synopsis of Chinese Fishes. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[成庆泰, 郑葆珊 (1987) 中国鱼类系统检索. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[5] Clarke KR, Warwick RM (2001) Change in Marine Communities: An Approach to Statistical Analysis and Interpretation, 2nd edn. PRIMER-E, Plymouth.
[6] Ji DP, Bian XD, Song N, Gao TX (2014) Feeding ecology of Hexagrammos otakii in Lidao Rongcheng. Journal of Fisheries of China, 38, 1399-1409. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[纪东平, 卞晓东, 宋娜, 高天翔 (2014) 荣成俚岛大泷六线鱼摄食生态研究. 水产学报, 38, 1399-1409.]
[7] Ji DP, Bian XD, Song N, Gao TX (2015) Feeding ecology of Hexagrammos agrammus in Lidao, Rongcheng, China. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China, 22, 88-98. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[纪东平, 卞晓东, 宋娜, 高天翔 (2015) 荣成俚岛斑头鱼摄食生态研究. 中国水产科学, 22, 88-98.]
[8] Jiao JJ, Pan YX, Sun LY, Yang BQ, Qiu SY (2011) Effect of artificial reefs on fish multiplication. Fisheries Science, 30(2), 79-82. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[焦金菊, 潘永玺, 孙利元, 杨宝清, 邱盛尧 (2011) 人工鱼礁区的增殖鱼类资源效果初步探究. 水产科学, 30(2), 79-82.]
[9] Li F, Zhang HJ, Lü ZB, Xu BQ, Zheng L (2013) Species composition and community diversity of nekton in Laizhou Bay, China. Biodiversity Science, 21, 537-546. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[李凡, 张焕君, 吕振波, 徐炳庆, 郑亮 (2013) 莱州湾游泳动物群落种类组成及多样性. 生物多样性, 21, 537-546.]
[10] Lin J, Zhang SY (2006) Research advances on physicial stability and ecological effects of artificial reef. Marine Fisheries, 28, 257-262. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[林军, 章守宇 (2006) 人工鱼礁物理稳定性及其生态效应的研究进展. 海洋渔业, 28, 257-262.]
[11] Liu J, Ning P (2011) Species composition and faunal characteristics of fishes in the Yellow Sea. Biodiversity Science, 19, 764-769. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘静, 宁平 (2011) 黄海鱼类组成、区系特征及历史变迁. 生物多样性, 19, 764-769.]
[12] Liu RY (2008) Checklist of Marine Biota of China Seas. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[刘瑞玉 (2008) 中国海洋生物名录. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[13] Ludwig JA, Reynolds JF (1988) Statistical Ecology: A Primer on Methods and Computing. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
[14] Ma ZY, Wang HQ (1997) Multivariate analysis of community structure on macrobenthos. China Environmental Science, 17, 297-300. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[马藏允, 王惠卿 (1997) 底栖生物群落结构变化多元变量统计分析. 中国环境科学, 17, 297-300.]
[15] Margalef R (1968) Perspectives in Ecological Theory. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
[16] Mei C, Ren YP, Xu BD, Fan YC (2010) Preliminary study on the effect of Penaeus japonicas Bate releasing in the Laoshan Bay. Periodical of Ocean University of China (Natural Science Edition), 40(9), 45-50. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[梅春, 任一平, 徐宾铎, 范延琛 (2010) 崂山湾日本对虾增殖放流效果的初步研究. 中国海洋大学学报(自然科学版), 40(9), 45-50.]
[17] Palomares MLD, Pauly D (2015) SeaLifeBase.. (accessed on 2015-03-25
[18] Pielou EC (1966) Species-diversity and pattern-diversity in the study of ecological succession. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 10, 370-383.
[19] Pinkas L, Olphant M, Iverson I (1971) Food habits of albacore, bluefin tuna and bonito in California waters. California Department of Fish and Game: Fish Bulletin, 152, 1-105.
[20] Qi MH, Ma SS, Qu KM, Xin FY (2004) The formation of sulfide in the marine sediments and its relationships to cultivation of shellfish. Marine Fisheries Research, 25(1), 85-89. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[祁铭华, 马绍赛, 曲克明, 辛福言 (2004) 沉积环境中硫化物的形成及其与贝类养殖的关系. 海洋水产研究, 25(1), 85-89.]
[21] Rounsefell GA (1972) Ecological effects of offshore construction. Journal of Marine Science, 2, 1-119.
[22] Tang YL, Sheng HX, Qi GR, Wu LH, Wan R (2012) The seasonal differences of benthic macroalgae communities in three artificial reefs of Laoshan Bay. Fisheries Modernization, 39(3), 66-71. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[唐衍力, 盛化香, 齐广瑞, 吴连慧, 万荣 (2012) 崂山湾三个人工鱼礁区底栖大型藻类群落的季节性差异. 渔业现代化, 39(3), 66-71.]
[23] Wang X, Sheng HX, Tang YL, Huang LY, Wan R (2014) Relationship between the structure of phytoplankton community and environmental factors in three artificial reef areas of Laoshan Bay. Progress in Fishery Sciences, 35(4), 7-12. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王欣, 盛化香, 唐衍力, 黄六一, 万荣 (2014) 崂山湾人工鱼礁区浮游植物群落结构与环境因子的关系. 渔业科学进展, 35(4), 7-12.]
[24] Wang ZH, Zhang SY, Chen QM, Xu Q, Wang K (2012) Fish community ecology in rocky reef habitat of Ma’an Archipelago. I. Species composition and diversity. Biodiversity Science, 20, 41-50. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[汪振华, 章守宇, 陈清满, 许强, 王凯 (2012) 马鞍列岛岩礁生境鱼类群落生态学. I. 种类组成和多样性. 生物多样性, 20, 41-50.]
[25] Warwick RM (1986) A new method for detecting pollution effects on marine macrobenthic communities. Marine Biology, 92, 557-562.
[26] Warwick RM, Pearson TH (1987) Detection of pollution effects on marine macrobenthos: further evaluation of the species abundance/biomass method. Marine Biology, 95, 193-200.
[27] Wu ZX, Zhang L, Zhang XM, Zhang PD, Li WT (2012) Nekton community structure and its relationship with main environmental variables in Lidao artificial reef zones of Rongcheng. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 32, 6737-6746. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[吴忠鑫, 张磊, 张秀梅, 张沛东, 李文涛 (2012) 荣成俚岛人工鱼礁区游泳动物群落特征及其与主要环境因子的关系. 生态学报, 32, 6737-6746.]
[28] Xu BQ, Lü ZB, Li F, Bao JG, Xu WZ (2011) On nekton composition in southern coastal waters off Shandong Peninsula in summer. Marine Fisheries, 33, 59-65. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[徐炳庆, 吕振波, 李凡, 包家国, 徐维柱 (2011) 山东半岛南部近岸海域夏季游泳动物的组成特征. 海洋渔业, 33, 59-65.]
[29] Xu H, Zeng XQ, Gu YB, Guan LS (2012) The effect of artificial reefs on the community structure and seasonal variation of nektons in Zhuwang Harbor, Laizhou, Shandong. Periodical of Ocean University of China (Natural Science Edition), 42(5), 47-54. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[徐浩, 曾晓起, 顾炎斌, 关丽莎 (2012) 人工鱼礁对山东莱州朱旺港海区游泳动物的群落结构及季节变化的影响. 中国海洋大学学报(自然科学版), 42(5), 47-54.]
[30] Yang DJ, Wang YL (1989) Invertebrates in North China. Higher Education Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[杨德渐, 王永良 (1989) 中国北部无脊椎动物. 高等教育出版社, 北京.]
[31] Yemane D, Field JG, Leslie RW (2005) Exploring the effects of fishing on fish assemblages using Abundance Biomass Comparison (ABC) curves. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 62, 374-379.
[32] Yu Q, Tang YL (2015) Analysis on community structure and diversity of fish and macroinvertebrates in artificial reef area around Xigang, Weihai. Fishery Modernization, 42(3), 65-72. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[于晴, 唐衍力 (2015) 威海西港人工鱼礁区鱼类和大型无脊椎动物群聚特征. 渔业现代化, 42(3), 65-72.]
[33] Yuan W, Lin Q, Wang J, Sun JQ, Chen RS (2015) Assessment of enhancement effectiveness of Chinese shrimp Fenneropenaeus chinensis stock in the Laoshan Bay. Progress in Fishery Sciences, 36(4), 27-34. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[袁伟, 林群, 王俊, 孙坚强, 陈瑞盛 (2015) 崂山湾中国对虾(Fenneropenaeus chinensis)增殖放流效果评价. 渔业科学进展, 36(4), 27-34.]
[34] Zhang B, Yuan W, Wang J (2015) Feeding ecology of the dominant fish species in spring in Laoshan Bay. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China, 22, 820-827. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[张波, 袁伟, 王俊 (2015) 崂山湾春季鱼类群落的摄食生态及其主要种类. 中国水产科学, 22, 820-827.]
[35] Zhang S, Sun MC, Chen Y (2008) The attractive effects of different structural artificial reef models on juvenile Schlegel’s rockfish Sebastes schlegeli and fat greenling Hexagrammos otakii. Journal of Dalian Fisheries University, 23, 13-19. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[张硕, 孙满昌, 陈勇 (2008) 人工鱼礁模型对大泷六线鱼和许氏平鲉幼鱼个体的诱集效果. 大连水产学院学报, 23, 13-19.]
[36] Zhang YQ (2015) Community Structure, Feeding Ecology and Movement Behaviors of Demersal Fish around Qiansan Islets. PhD dissertation, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[张迎秋 (2015) 前三岛海域底层鱼类群落结构、摄食生态和运动行为特征. 博士学位论文, 中国科学院大学, 北京.]
[37] Zhou YB, Chen PM, Li HQ (2011) Feasibility study on artificial reef construction in planning area around Liuniu of Zhelin Bay in Guangdong Province. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences, 38(23), 10-13. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[周艳波, 陈丕茂, 李辉权 (2011) 广东省柘林湾海域溜牛礁区建礁可行性研究. 广东农业科学, 38(23), 10-13.]
[1] Ben-Feng HAN Xin Zhou Xue Zhang. (2020) Verification of virus identity and host association using genomics technologies . Biodiv Sci, 28(5): 0-0.
[2] Lintao Huang Hui Huang Lei Jiang. (2020) A revised taxonomy for Chinese hermatypic corals . Biodiv Sci, 28(4): 515-523.
[3] Dan Liu,Zhongling Guo,Xiaoyang Cui,Chunnan Fan. (2020) Comparison of five associations of Taxus cuspidata and their species diversity . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 340-349.
[4] Jinyuan Su,Yu Yan,Chong Li,Dan Li,Fang K. Du. (2020) Informing conservation strategies with genetic diversity in Wild Plant with Extremely Small Populations: A review on gymnosperms . Biodiv Sci, 28(3): 376-384.
[5] Kai Wang,Jinlong Ren,Hongman Chen,Zhitong Lyu,Xianguang Guo,Ke Jiang,Jinmin Chen,Jiatang Li,Peng Guo,Yingyong Wang,Jing Che. (2020) The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 189-218.
[6] Xia Li,Wanze Zhu,Shouqin Sun,Shumiao Shu,Zheliang Sheng,Jun Zhang,Ting Liu,Zhicai Zhang. (2020) Influence of habitat on the distribution pattern and diversity of plant community in dry and warm valleys of the middle reaches of the Dadu River, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 117-127.
[7] Yisheng Ma,Qingqing Ma,Nianjun He,Dapeng Zhu,Kaihui Zhao,Hongcai Liu,Shuai Li,Liang Sun,Liubin Tang. (2020) Camera-trapping survey of mammals and birds in the Foping National Nature Reserve, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 226-230.
[8] Zhenyuan Liu,Xingliang Meng,Zhengfei Li,Junqian Zhang,Jing Xu,Senlu Yin,Zhicai Xie. (2020) Diversity assessment and protection strategies for the mollusk community in the southern Dongting Lake . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 155-165.
[9] Xiongwei Yang,Ankang Wu,Qixian Zou,Guangrong Li,Mingming Zhang,Canshi Hu,Haijun Su. (2020) Field monitoring of mammals and birds using infrared cameras in Mayanghe National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 219-225.
[10] Haiou Liu,Fengchun Zhang,Fuwei Zhao,Leshan Du,Dayuan Xue. (2020) Biodiversity sensitive issues from changes in the strategic objectives of the financial mechanism for the Convention on Biological Diversity . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 244-252.
[11] Gongguo Li,Ping Li,Hangying Xu,Haiyan Yu,Jian Yu. (2020) Path analysis of zooplankton diversity and environmental factors in the water sources rivers, Zhejiang Province . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 166-175.
[12] Minxia Liu,Quandi Li,Xiaoxuan Jiang,Sujuan Xia,Xiaoning Nan,Yaya Zhang,Bowen Li. (2020) Contribution of rare species to species diversity and species abundance distribution pattern in the Gannan subalpine meadow . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 107-116.
[13] Yijia Geng,Yu Tian,Junsheng Li,Jing Xu. (2020) Progress and prospects of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework . Biodiv Sci, 28(2): 238-243.
[14] Wenying Zhuang,Yi Li,Huandi Zheng,Zhaoqing Zeng,Xincun Wang. (2020) Threat status of non-lichenized macro-ascomycetes in China and its threatening factors . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 26-40.
[15] Yi Li,Zhiyao Tang,Yujing Yan,Ke Wang,Lei Cai,Jinsheng He,Song Gu,Yijian Yao. (2020) Incorporating species distribution model into the red list assessment and conservation of macrofungi: A case study with Ophiocordyceps sinensis . Biodiv Sci, 28(1): 99-106.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed