Biodiv Sci ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (5): 623-632.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2012.10131

Special Issue: 创刊20周年纪念专刊

• Editorial • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Actions, progress and prospects in implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity during the past 20 years in China

Dayuan Xue1,2*, Jianyong Wu1, Fuwei Zhao1   

  1. 1Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042

    2College of Life and Environmental Science, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2012-06-15 Revised:2012-08-14 Online:2012-09-20 Published:2012-09-07
  • Contact: Dayuan Xue

Abstract:

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was adopted by United Nations Conference of Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992 as a milestone event. During the past 20 years, China established the national coordination mechanisms for CBD implementation in 1993, conducted a country study for biodiversity conservation during 1995–1997, formulated China National Biodiversity Conservation Strategy and Action Plan during 2007–2010, founded the National Committee for Biodiversity Conservation in 2011, and, aiming to CBD’s objectives, implemented a lot of researches and actions for biodiversity conservation, including: protection of ecosystems such as forests, grasslands, deserts, wetlands and marine areas; investigations, inventory and databases for species; increased protection of rare and endangered species; control of alien invasive species; and risk assessment for genetically-modified organisms. Challenges to biodiversity conservation include, establishment of biodiversity monitoring system, in situ conservation, access and benefit sharing of genetic resources, and protection and application of traditional knowledge. Lastly, we report potential research topics for biodiversity conservation.